MCQs for Pakistan Studies
01. Sindh was conquered by Mohd bin Qasim during the _____ period
02. Mohd bin Qasim was the nephew of __________
a. Sulayman bin Abdul Malik
b. Abdul Malik bin Marwan
c. Walid bin Abdul Malik
d. Hajjaj bin Yousaf
03. Raja Dahir was the ruler of ________
04. Debul and Alor are the names of _______
a. Places of Ancient Sindh
b. Old Gardens of Sindh
c. Ancient bulding
d. None of them
05. Who was Sisakar ?
a. Wazir of Hajjij bin Yousaf
b. Wazir of Mohd bin Qasim
c. Wazir of Raja Dahir
d. None of the above
06. Mohd bin Qasim tortured to death in a prison in Iraq during the caliphate of ___________
d. None of them
07. In 133 A.H / 750 A.D. the Abbasids overthrew the __________
08. The Abbasids Governor ______ came to Sindh in 140 A.H. / 757 A.D.
09. In 367 A.H / 777 A.D , Subuktigin , a Turkish slave became the master of __________
10. Mahmood`s first important battle was fought against ______ near Peshawar in 8 Muharram 392 A.H 25 November 1001 A.D.
d. None of them
11. Abu-al-Fath Daud was the Ismail ruler of __________
12. Mahmood set out on the expedition to Somnath on 17 october _______
a. 1023 A.D
b. 1024 A.D
c. 1025 A.D
d. 1026 A.D
13. Mahmood breathed his last sigh on 30 April ______
a. 1024 A.D
b. 1026 A.D
c. 1028 A.D
d. 1030 A.D
14. In ______ A.D the first battle of Traain was fought between Mohd Gauri and Rajputs under the command of Govind Rai brother of Prithvi Raj, Mohd Gauri defeated in this battle.
15. In _____ A.D the second battle of Train was fought and Rajput defeated in this battle.
01. A , 02. D , 03. C , 04. A , 05. C
06. A , 07. C , 08. A , 09. D , 10. A
11. B , 12. B , 13. D , 14. C , 15. C
About the end of 2nd century B.C some unusual upheavals in the Central Asia let loose series of human floods thaat brought about after-wave of invasions into Indo-Pak Sub-continent, First invasion was made by :
a. The kushanas
b. The Sakas
c. The Bacirians
d. The Parthians
02. One of the main objectives of All – India Muslim League at the time of its creation was :
a. To be loyal to the Indian British Government
b. To take active part in the politics of the country
c. to be close to Hindu community
d. Not to take sides with any Indian community
03. The power of the Legislative councils was increased by
a. Minto – Morley Reforms, 1909
b. Simon Commission Report
c. 3rd Round Table Conference
d. Gandhi – Irwin Pact
04. Hindi – Urdu controversy of 1867 had far-reaching consequences because
a. It was the forerunner of the Two-Nation Theory
b. Made Muslims think to be close to the Hindu culture
c. To depend on the British Government for justice
d. To be indifferent to the Controversy
05. The elections should be held on the basis of general adult franchise. This demand was made in
a. Minto – Morley Reforms, 1909
b. Lucknow pact
c. Cripps Mission
d. Gandhi – Irwin Pact
06. Aligarh Muslim College started by Sir Syed Ahmed khan in 1877 had a clear programme
a. To keep the Muslim community abreast with western knowledge
b. To make Muslims learn Arabic and Persian only
c. To give students military education
d. To educate Muslim youth to be politically active
07. “The future form of Government would be federal to be joined by provinces and Indian states.” This principle was settled in
a. Nehru Report
b. 1st Round Table Conference
c. Simon Report
d. Minto – Morley Reforms, 1909
08. Simla Deputation of 1906 had the following purpose
a. For future elections in the country Muslim community would get separate electorate
b. The Deputation was advised to take active part on politics
c. The Deputation was directed to be friendly with the rulers
d. To be in harmony with the Hindu Community of India
09. During the Khilafar Movement, “Chauri chaura” tragedy assumed greater significance. Which of the following incidents was peculiar to that
a. Country-wide strike of the traders
b. A police station was burnt in a village
c. Communaal riots erupted
d. The people refused to pay Government taxes
10. Ch. Rahmat Ali published a leaflet “Now or Never. Are We To Live or Perish Forever” issued on january 28, 1933 ; from Cambridge with the objective
a. To create a separate and independant Muslim state
b. To develop amity with the british as a Muslim community
c. To grow the concept of Indianism
d. To work with other Indian Communities for liberation of India
01. C , 02. A , 03. A , 04. A , 05. B
06. A , 07. B , 08. A , 09. B , 10. A
Moplah`s contribution is that
a. They took part in Khilafat Movement
b. They went to Kerala to organize anti-British movement
c. They were Arab tribes on the Malabar shores who seized ships of East India company
d. They remained involved in a guerilla warfare with the British Government
02. Arya Samaj was founded in 1875
a. To protect the interest of India
b. To revive and reform Hindusium
c. To cooperate with the British Government
d. To be a social organization working for the good of the poor
03. In the election of 1945-46
a. In NWFP, the Muslim league got majority and won the Muslim seats
b. Muslim League formed ministry in NWFP with Dr. Khan Sahib as the Chief Minister
c. In Bengal Muslim League won 89 out of 110 Muslim seats and formed ministry with H.S. Suhrawardy as Chief Minister
d. None of the above
04. For what purpose Muslim League changed its manifesto in 1913 ?
a. Became hostile towards the British
b. Demanded self-government suitable for India
c. to remain aloof from Indian politics
d. To criticise and oppose the Hindu community
05. Who seconded the Pakistan Resolution from Punjab ?
a. Nawab Muhammad Ismail
b. Dr. Muhammad Alam
c. Abdul Hameed khan
d. Syed Zakir Ali
06. The kanpur Mosque episode took place in August 1913. Its result was
a. It made the Muslims feel ignored by the Indian Government
b. The Muslims were disappointed by the Hindu Press
c. They decided to leave India and migrate to neighbouring Muslim countries
d. It created political awakening among the Indian Muslims
07. On may 28, 1920, Khilafat Committee passed a resolution in support of Non-Cooperation Movement started by Mr. Ghandhi with the result
a. It created amity between Muslims and Hindus to work together to get their grievances redressed by the Government of India
b. It could not be activated due to Hindu – Muslim differences
c. The Congress opposed the movement
d. By and large the Muslim community did not want to get Hindu support
08. Indicated the main reason for the failure of Land Reforms in Pakistan
a. Landlords got stay order from courts
b. Landlords surrendered hilly lands
c. Landlords got favour from Consolidation Wing of Board of Revenue
d. Landlords tranferred land in the name of their family members
09. The Anjuman-i-Himayat-i-Islam was founded in 1884, with the objective
a. It was for social gathering among Muslim of Punjab
b. To help Muslims to secure Government jobs
c. To encourage non-communabal approach to provincial problems
d. To defend Islam against the onslaughts of the missionaries and to provide western education along with religious instructions
10. Ex-state of “Amb” is famous for
a. Tidal Forests
b. Natural Forests
c. Artificial Forests
d. Beta Forests
01. A , 02. B , 03. C , 04. A , 05. B
06. D , 07. A , 08. D , 09. D , 10. B
FPSC GUIDELINES OF THE SYLLABUS
6. Practical English Usage Swan (OUP)
7. English Idioms McMordie
8. Mastering Modern English Etherton
1. Exploring life Sciences Turber, Kilburn
2. —Exploring Physical Science Turber, Kilburn
3. Guide to Science Isaac Asimov
4. Science Restated Cassidy
5. Principles of Animal Biology Khan, M. Rafiq
GUIDELINES OF THE SYLLABUS
N.B.—”The topics mentioned under each subject are only indicative
and not exhaustive of the field covered by that subject. A candidate should
study the whole subject with the help of relevant books. Some of the reading
materials have been suggested for each subject for the guidance of the
Note :— Candidates opting languages will be asked to answer some
questions in the language concerned and will be expected to have
knowledge of the Principal Authors, both Classical and
Contemporary and to be able to compose in the language and
translate from it into English and vice versa.
3. GENERAL KNOWLEDGE
1. ESSAY (COMPULSORY)
EVERY DAY SCIENCE (COMPULSORY)
Candidates will be required to write one or more essays in English. A
wide choice of subject will be given.
2. ENGLISH (PRECIS & COMPOSITION)
The examination will be based upon a paper carrying 100 marks and
will be geared to test the candidates’ ability to handle grammatical structure,
reading comprehension and analysis,and precis writing and composition.
The candidates should be capable of :
(a) Using English correctly and efficiently as a vehicle of
(b) Reading, comprehending and analyzing advanced texts.
Grammar and Vocabulary
The candidate’s ability to handle the structure of English will be
tested by framing items based upon grammatical categories that usually
create problems for foreign students.
There shall be no prescribed course for this purpose.
Reading Comprehension and Analysis
Two unseen passages shall be given with a fixed reading time and
multiple choice questions would be placed at the end to be answered. The
passage for comprehension shall be fairly technical. The passages would be
selected from writings on economic, social, cultural subjects and
The candidates will be required to present an acceptable precis of a
given passage. The unseen passage will be selected from current,
economic, social, cultural and international affairs.
ENGLISH (PRECIS & COMPOSITION)
1. A communicative grammar of English Leech & Svartik
2. A Practical English grammar Thomson &
3. A comprehensive English Grammar Eckersley &
for Foreign students Eckersley (Longmans)
4. Modern English Vol. I & II Rutherford
Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.
5. A University English Grammar. R. Quirk &
— Nature of Science ;
— Brief History of Science with special reference to contribution
of Muslims in the evolution and development of science ;
— Impact of science on society.
2. The Physical Sciences
(a) Constituents and Structure :—ˆUniverse, Galaxy, Solar
system, Sun, Earth, Minerals ;
(b) Processes of Nature :—Solar and Lunar Eclipses ; Day and
Night and their variation ;
(c) Energy :— sources and resources of Energy ;
Energy conservation ;
(i) Ceramics, Plastics, Semiconductors ;
(ii) Radio, Television, Telephones, Camera, Laser,
(iii) Computers, Satellites ;
(iv) Antibiotics, Vaccines, Fertilizers, Pesticides.
3. Biological Sciences
— The basis of life—the cell, chromosomes, genes, nucleic
— The building blocks—Proteins. Harmones and other nutrients.
Concept of balanced diet. Metabolism.
— Survey of Plant and Animal Kingdom— a brief survey of
plant and animal kingdom to pinpoint similarities and
diversities in nature.
— The Human body—a brief account of human Physiology.
EVERY DAY SCIENCE (COMPULSORY)
1. Ideological Orientations of Pakistan Al Mujahid Sharif
2. Letters of Iqbal to Jinnah Iqbal, Mohammad
3. Muslim Separatism in India (A brief Hamid, Abdul
4. Modern Muslim India and the birth Ikram, S. M.
5. Quaid-i-Azam and Pakistan Dani, Ahmed
6. Struggle for Pakistan Qureshi, I. H.
7. The case for Pakistan Rafiq, Afzal M.
8. The Making of Pakistan Aziz, K. K.
9. The Muslim Community of the Indo- Qureshi, I. H.
10. The Emergence of Pakistan Mohammad Ali
11. Towards Pakistan Waheed-uz-
12. Pakistan A Study Hamid Yusuf
of Political Development 1947—97
13. Ulema in Politics Qureshi, I. H.
14. World Scholars on Quaid-i-Azam Dani, Ahmed
CURRENT AFFAIRS (COMPULSORY)
Candidates will be expected to display such general knowledge of
History, Geography and Politics as is necessary to interpret current affairs.
1. Pakistan’s relations with its neighbours.
2. Pakistan’s relations with Middle Eastern, African and Far
3. Pakistan relations with big powers.
4. International Economic issues and Pakistan.
5. Pakistan’s role in regional and international organizations.
6. Nuclear politics in South Asia.
7. Structure of Pakistan’s economy, economic planning and
8. Central Issues and problems in the Educational Systems.
9. Issues in Pakistan Politics.
10. Superpowers and the Issues of World Order.
11. Major Contemporary Crises.
12. Major Economic, social and political issues of the world as
reflected and discussed in periodicals and newspapers.
CURRENT AFFAIRS (COMPULSORY)
1. India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and G.W. Choudhry
1. Evolution and growth of Muslim Society in the Sub-continent.
2. Ideology of Pakistan.—Definition and Elucidation, Historical
aspects : Muslim rule in the sub-continent, its downfall and efforts of
Renaissance. Movements for reforms—Sheikh Ahmed Sarhindi, Shah
Waliullah, Aligarh, Deoband, Nadwah, Anjamun Hamiat-e-Islam and other
Educational Institutions— Sind Madressah and Islamia College Peshawar.
Ideology of Pakistan in the lights of speeches and sayings of Allama Iqbal
3. Pakistan Movement.—Historical developments, important event,
role of various individuals, communities and groups.
4. Political Developments in Pakistan since 1947 and efforts for
promulgation of Islamic system.
5. Land and People of Pakistan.—Geography, Society, Natural
resources, Agriculture, Industry, Education with reference to
characteristics, trends and problems.
PAKISTAN AFFAIRS (COMPULSORY)
2. Main Spring of Indian and Pakistani S.M. Burke
3. Pakistan’s Foreign Policy S.M. Burke
4. Pakistan and the Great Powers Mohammad
5. Pakistan and the U.N. Mohammad
6. Pakistan the long view Lawrence Ziring
7. Political System of Pakistan Khalid B. Sayeed
8. Politics in Pakistan Khalid B. Sayeed
9. World Politics Since 1945 P. Calvocrassi
10. Conflict and Cooperation in the Indian Pervaiz Iqbal
Ocean : Pakistan’s Interests and Choices Cheema
11. The Security of South Asia Stephen P. Cohen
12. The Military and Politics in Pakistan Hasan Askari
13. Development strategies of Pakistan M.L. Qureshi
14. The Management of Pakistan’s Ahmad, V.,
economy 1947 to 1982 Rashid Amjad
4. ISLAMIAT (COMPULSORY)
1. Basic Problems of Human Life and their Solutions
Various sources of knowledge-revelation (Wahy) as a source of
knowledge and solution to human problems. Divinity and Supermacy of
2. Need of Religion and its role in Human Life
Islam and other religions.
Its concept and meanings, Deen and Muzhab. Islamic concepts of
Universe and Humanity, Place of Humanity in Islam, Man as Vicegerent of
Allah, Chief Characteristics of Islamic Ideology.
4. Fundamental Beliefs and Practices of Islam
(a) Tauheed (Unity of Allah), Risalat (Finality of the Prophethood),
Akhirat (Day of Judgement).
(b) Salat, Soum, Zakat, Hajj, Jehad.
5. IslamicWay of Life
(a) Sources of Shariah : The Qu’ran, Sunnah, Ijma (Consensus),
Qiyas and Ijtihad (reasoning).
(b) Social system in Islam : Responsibilities and mutual relationship
of members of family, separate role of man and woman in an Islamic Social
set up, concept of Woman’s freedom in Islam, Responsibilities of man and
woman in character-building of new generation.
(c) Morality in Islam : Concept of morality, Relationship of morality
and Faith, Islamic principles and methods of character-building, Moral
values in Islam.
(d) Islamic Political System :—
(i) Legislative System
(ii) Judicial System
(e) Muslim ummah : Role and objectives of Muslim Ummah.
6. Quranic Ayat and their Translation.
Following last 10 surrah of the Holy Quran with their translations :—
1. SURRAH AL-FEEL
2. SURRAH AL-QURESH
3. SURRAH AL-MAOON
4. SURRAH AL-KAUSAR
5. SURRAH AL-KAFAROON
6. SURRAH AN-NASR
7. SURRAH AL-LAHAB
8. SURRAH AL- AKHLAS
9. SURRAH AL-FALAK
1. Introduction to Islam. Dr. Hamidullah
2. Islamic Ideology Dr. Khalifa Abdul
3. Ideology of the Future Dr. Muhammad
4. Islam : The Misunderstood Religion Muhammad
5. Islam : Its meaning and Message Khushid Ahmed
6. Islam the Religion Syed Anwar Ali
7. The Religion of Islam Ahmad A.
8. Outlines of Islamic Culture A.M.A. Shushtery
7. Cost Accounting S. Qavi Ahmad
8. Auditing Dicksee, L.R.
9. Companies Act 1984
10. Practical Auditing Spiecer and Pegler
2. An Introduction to Tropical Agriculture Temporary H & D
3. A treatile in Horticulture Gilani, M.A.
4. An Introduction to Animal Husbandry King Black Well,
5. Breading Field Crops Poehlman
5. ACCOUNTANCYAND AUDITING
6. Cost Accounting Nisar-ud-Din
Principles of Accounting and their applications to all types of
Business Organizations—Banking, Insurance, Investment, Trading and
Industrial Concerns, Accounting for non-profit Organisations, Work-sheet,
Financial statements, Financial Reporting, Financial Analysis and
Budgeting, Depreciation, Partnership.
Note.—Accounting for Executors, Trustees of Deceased Persons,
Liquidators, Receivers, Official Agencies, Assignees etc. and Accounting
for Multinational Corporation will not be included.
11. Principles and Procedure of Auditing Kh. Amjad Saeed
12. Income Tax Ordinance 2001
(Amended to date)
13. Income Tax Law (Latest edition) Kh. Amjad Saeed
14. Business Organization Nisar-ud-Din
(a) Cost Accounting
15. Principles and Practice of Commerce Stephenson
16. Basic Business Finance Hunt, Williams
17. Income Tax Law Vol. I & II Luqman Baig
Principles of Cost Accounting, Relationship of Cost Accounting to
Financial Accounting, Cost Accounting as a tool of management—use of
Cost information, Cost flow, Cost elements, Costs classification, Process
Cost and job—order Cost Accounting, Costing for Joint and by—Products,
Standard Cost Accounting, reconciliation of Financial Accounts with Cost
Principles of Auditing, The Accounting System, Its importance to
Independent Audit, Internal Control, Internal Audit, Rights and Duties of
Auditors. Professional Liabilities of an Auditor, Application of Auditing
Principles and Techniques to all Types of Trading, Commercial, Industrial,
Banking, Insurance and Investment under-takings, Audit programme,
Special Audit Investigation of actual or suspected Frauds, Limitations of
Audit, Audit Report, Certificates and Opinion as required under Companies
Act, Securities Exchange Authority Rules, Auditing and EDP Systems.
(c) Income Tax
Principles of Computing taxable income and total income for the
purposes of Income Tax, Universal Self-Assessment.
Specialized knowledge of Income Tax will not be expected.
Candidates will be required to have a sound grasp of the provisions of
Sections 4, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 18, 19, 39, 39 (3) and (4), 40, 72, 87, 92,
93, 98A, 98B, 98C, 101, 114(1), 114(3), and 4, 120, 122, 123, 124, 147,
176, First Schedule and 2nd Schedule of Income Tax Ordinance 2001 as
amended upto date and the connected Rules contained in Income Tax
(d) Business Organization and Finance
Nature and Scope of Business Organization, Forms of Business
Organization—Sole Proprietorship, Partnership, Joint Stock Company,
Cooperative Society, Company Promotion and Management, Insurance,
business Combinations, Principles of Business Finance—Short Term,
Intermediate Term and Long Term financing, expansion and contraction,
Ratio analysis—Sources and flow statement, Role of Financial Institutions.
ACCOUNTANCY AND AUDITING
1. Accountancy Pickles, W.
1. Natural Resources (Land, Water, Biological, Environmental,
Solar and energy) as bases for agricultural production. Agriculture as
integrated system of components like Crops, Livestock, Fisheries, Forestry,
Range Management, Socio-economics etc. Role of research and newer
technologies in current and future agriculture in Pakistan.
2. Elements of climate and their relationship with crop growth,
Factors of soil, Soil formation and development of soil profile, Soil texture
and structure and their management, Soil fertility and fertilizer requirement
of various soils and crops, Role of organic matter in soil ; Water
requirements of crops and water use efficiency, Cropping pattern and crop
relations, Systems and types of farming; Nature, formation and reclamation
of salt affected and water-logged soil, Soil erosion and conservation.
3. Physiology of Growth and development, growth curves, growth
regions, RGR, NAR and LAR in relation to biomass production. Seed
growth and assimilate partitioning, Harvest index. Photoperiodic and
thermoperiodic responses of crop plants, photorespiration. Nitrogen
fixation, Nitrogen cycle, factors affecting biological N-fixation.
4. The modern concept of genetics, gene and gene function,
application of genetics for the improvement of crops.
5. Modern concept of Horticultural industry, Plant propagation,
Major management and breeding problems in fruits and vegetables.
6. Pests and diseases of agricultural crops, Principles and methods of
pest and diseases control, Pesticides—their application and action. Modern
concept and principles of insect pest management.
7. Role of agriculture in the national economy. Agricultural
mechanization. Land tenure and Land reforms. Population problems of
rural Pakistan. Major issues in agriculture and agricultural development in
1. Agriculture in India Vol. I & II Kamar, L.S.S.
2. Advanced Accounting Vol.I & II Muin-ud-Din
3. Book Keeping and Accounts Big, W.S.
4. Principles and Practice of Book Vickery, B.G.
Keeping and Accounts
5. Cost Accounting, Planning and Control Matz and Usry
6. Disease of Field Crops Dickson, J.G.
7. Agricultural Insects Pests of Tropics Hill, S.D.
and their control.
8. Forest Ecology Spurr, S.H.
9. Fundamentals of Soil Science Foth
10. Irrigation Principles and Practicals Isrealson, O.W.
11. Manual of Plant Production Abdul Manan
12. Principles of Agronomy Mudliar, W.T.S.
13. Principles of Field Crop Production Martin, J.H. &
14. Principles of Genetics Gardner, E.J.
15. Physiology of Crop Plants Gardner, Peares
16. The Nature and Properties of Soil Buckman, H.O. &
17. Physiology of Growth and Development Willking
18. Plant Pathology Agrioes, G.N.
7. APPLIED MATHEMATICS
Non-linear equations. Systems of equations. Variation of parameters and
the power series method.
Formation of partial differential equations. Types of integrals of
partial differential equations, Partial differential equations of first order.
Partial differential equations with constant coefficients, Monge’s method.
Classification of partial differential equations of second order. Laplace’s
equation and its boundary value problems. Standard solutions of wave
equation and equation of heat induction.
Definition of tensors as invariant quantities. Coordinate
transformations. Contravariant and covariant laws of transformation of the
components of tensors. Addition and multiplication of tensors. Contraction
and inner product of tensors. The Kronecker delta and Levi-Civita symbol.
The metric tensor in Cartesian, polar and other coordinates. covariant
derivatives and the Christoffel symbols. The gradient, divergence and curl
operators in tensor notation.
Elements of Numerical Analysis
Solution of non-linear equations, Use of x = g (x) form. Newton
Raphson method, Solution of system of linear equations. Jacobi and Gauss-
Seidel Method. Numerical Integration. Trapezoidal and Simpson’s rule.
Regula falsi and iterative method for solving non-linear equation with
convergence. Linear and Lagrange interpolation. Graphical solution of
linear programming problems.
Candidates will be asked to attempt any two questions from Section
A and any three questions from Section B.
Vector algebra, scalar and vector product of two or more vectors,
Function of a scalar variable, Gradient, divergence and curl, Expansion
formulae, curvilinear coordinates, Expansions for gradient, divergence and
curl in orthogonal curvilinear coordinates, Line, surface and volume
integrals, Green’s, Stoke’s and Gauss’s theorems.
Composition and resolution of forces, Parallel forces, and couples,
Equilibrium of a system of coplanar forces, Centre of mass and centre of
gravity of a system of particles and rigid bodies, Friction, Principle of
virtual work and its applications, equilibrium of forces in three dimensions.
1. Classical Mechanics Goldstein
2. Lectures on Ordinary Differential Hille, E.
3. Lectures on Partial Differential Petrovosky, I.G.
4. Mechanics Symon, G.F.
5. Mechanics Ghori, Q.K.
6. Mathematical Physics, An Advanced Mikhin, S.G.
7. Ordinary Differential Equations. Easthan, M.S.P.
SECTION B 8. Principles of Mechanics Synge and
9. Principles of Mechanics Hauser.
Tangential, normal, radial and transverse components of velocity and
acceleration, Rectilinear motion with constant and variable acceleration,
Simple harmonic motion, Work, Power and Energy, Conservative forces
and principles of energy, Principles of linear and angular momentum,
Motion of a projectile, Ranges on horizontal and inclined planes, Parabola
of safety. Motion under central forces, Apse and apsidal distances,
Planetary orbits, Kepler’s laws, Moments and products of inertia of
particles and rigid bodies, Kinetic energy and angular momentum of a rigid
body, Motion of rigid bodies, Compound pendulum. Impulsive motion,
collision of two spheres and coefficient of restitution.
10. Partial Differential Equations Sneddon. I.N.
11. Theoretical Mechanics Beckker
12. Theoretical Mechanics Bradsbury
13. Theory of ordinary differential Goddirgton, E.A.
equations and N. Livenision
14. Vector and Tensor Methods Charlton Jeffreya
(Marks—100) 8. ARABIC
Candidates will be asked to attempt any two questions from Section
A, one question from Section B and two questions from Section C.
1. (a) The Pre-Islamic Arabic Literature.
Linear differential equations with constant and variable coefficients.
(b) The Quran, its language, contents and style; its influence on the
(c) Quranic semantics and etymology with special reference to Ibn
Manzoor’s Lisan al’Arab and Raghib al-Asfahani’s Mufradat fi
(d) Literary History and Literary criticism—literary movements,
classical backgound, socio-cultural influences and modern trends.
Origin and development of modern literary genres, including
drama, novel, short story, essay.
(e) Contribution of Arabs in the fields of science, philosophy and
linguistics with special reference to the views of the Ibn Khaldun,
al-biruni, al-Jahiz, Ibn Maskawaih, Ibn Maja, al-Kasai and
(f) A short introduction to Pakistani Arabic literature in the fields of
prose and poetry.
(g) The contemporary Arabic literature in Egypt, Lebanon and Iraq
with special emphasis on the literature of al-Mahjer and its
outstanding representatives such as Jabran Khalil Jabran, Ilia Abu
Medhi, Mckhail Naeema, and Umer Abu Risha.
2. A short Essay in Arabic.
This paper will require first-hand reading of the texts prescribed and
will be designed to test the candidates critical ability.
1. Imarul Qais : His Maullaqah :—
“Qifaa Nabki mim Zakraa Habibin Wa Manzili” (Complete).
2. Zohair Bin Abi Sulma : His Maullaqah :—
“A Min Umme Aufaa Dimnatun lam takalami” (Complete).
3. Hassan Bin Tabit : The following five Qasaid from his Daiwan : From
Qasidah No. 1 to Qasidah No. IV and the Qasidah :—
“Lillahi Darru Kaaba ……………… Nadamtuhum.
4. Labeed : Afatiddiyaru Mahalluha Wa Maqammuha Mahmud Timur :
Story : “Ammi Mutawalli” (From
5. Taufiq Al-Hakim : Dramas : Sirrul Muntahiraa” from his book
“Masra-hiyaatu Tufiqal Hakim”.
6. Dr. Rana M. N. Ehsan Elahie : Nafais al-Adab, [P.U.B.A. (Hons)
7. Dr. Jalal al-Khayyat and others :
8. Dr. Taha Hussain : Hadith al-Araba’a
11. Literary History of the Arabs Nicholson
12. Arabic Grammer Thatcher
9. Isa an-Na’uri : Adab al-mahjer
10. George Saidah : Adabuna wal-Udaba fi Adab al-Mahjer
11. Dr. De Boer : The History of Philosophy in Islam
Candidates will be required to answer some questions carrying not
less than 25% marks in Arabic also.
1. The Contribution of India to the Dr. Zubaid Ahmed
1. Thallophytes :
4. Plant Taxonomy and Biosystematics Clive, A. Stace
5. The Biology of the Algae Round, F.E.
6. The Structure and Life of Bryophytes Watson, E.V.
(a) Phycology : Origin, evolution, distribution and classification
with reference to range, structure, life history, ecology and
economic importance of the main groups of algae.
(b) Mycology and Plant Pathology Structure, development
reproduction, classification; phylogeny, physiology and
economic importance of the main groups of fungi. Diseases of
economic importance and general principles of their control.
2. Bryology : Evoloution of gametophytes and sporophytes.
3. Peteridophyta and Gymnosperms : General structure, life history
and evolutionary tendencies. Ontogeny and structure of seed.
4. Anatomy and Embryology : Primary and secondary tissues.
Meristems, tissue differentiation, normal and abnormal secondary growth,
anatomy of leaf, stem and root. Micro and megasporogenesis, pollination
mechanism, fertilization, development of embryo and endosperm. seed
5. Taxonomy of Angiosperms : Systems of classification. Rules of
botanical nomenclature. Concepts of speciation. Introduction to modern
trends in plant taxonomy : Bio-systematics, chemotaxonomy and numerical
7. The Morphology of Pteridophytes Sporne, K.R.
8. The Morphology of Gymnosperms Sporne, K.R.
9. Cytology Wilson, G.B. &
10. Diagnosis and Improvement of Saline Richards, L.A.
and Alkali Soils (ed)
11. Plant Physiology (Second Edition) Frank, B.
Cleon W. Ross
12. Plant and the Ecosystem Billings, W.D.
13. Principles of Genetics Gardner, E.J.
14. Morphology of Plants Bold, Harold, C.
15. Introduction to fungi Webster, J.
16. Plant growth and Development Leopold, A.C. &
17. Terrestrial Plant Ecology Barbour, M.G. &
Bark, J.H. Titts,
1. Plant Physiology : Plant water relations, osmotic quantities,
absorptions, transpiration, role of essential mineral elements, their uptake
and distribution, growth and development, plant hormones,
11. BRITISH HISTORY
photoperiodism, vernalization. Dormancy and seed germination.
Biochemistry of carbohydrates, proteins and fats with reference to plants.
Enzymes. Plant pigments. Photophosphorelation, path of carbon in
photosynthesis, oxidative phosophorelation (respiration), nitrogen and fat
2. Ecology : Influence of climatic, edaphic and biotic factors on
plant growth. Sampling techniques. Major formations in relation to climatic
zones. Concepts of ecosystems and their productivity, Ecological energetics,
efficiency, pyramids, food chains and trophic levels.
Salinity and water logging in Pakistan, causes, reclamation, soil
erosion, methods of control and conservation. Pollution and conservation
of natural resources.
3. Cytology : Detailed study of ultrastructure of cell. Mitosis and
meiosis. Significance of meiosis.
4. Genetics :
(a) Mendalian Genetics, Linkage, crossing over, sex linked genes,
lethals, balanced lethals. Mutation, polyploidy.
(b) Biochemical Genetics : Bichemical nature of hereditary
material, genetic Code, Fine Structure of gene, transduction
British History.—The history of the British Isles and of the British
Empire and Commonwealth.
From 1688 to 1850
From 1850 to the present day.
Note.—Credit will be given in both the papers, not only for precise presentation
of facts, but also for sound critical judgement.
1. A Text Book of Modern English History Southgate, G.W.
2. A Text Book of European History Southgate, G.W.
3. England in the Eighteenth Century Serlley, W.T.
5. Evolution : Theories of evolution, Neo-Darwinism. Neo- 4. Europe Since Napoleon Harmondswarth Thompsen, David
Lamarckism. Adaptive mutations.
1. An Introduction of Plant Diseases Wheeler, B.E.J.
2. An Introduction to Plant Anatomy Eames, A.G. &
Mc. Daniels, L.H.
3. An Introduction to Embryology of Maheshveri
5. English Social History Trevelyan, G.M.
6. History of Britain Carter, E.H.
7. History of England Wood, E.L.
8. Modern Britain Derry, J.K. &
9. The Struggle for Mastery in Europe Taylor, A.J.P.
10. The Penguin Dictionary of English Williams, E.N.
and European History
2. The New Management Robert M. Fulmer
3. Management Horold Koontz and
4. Management James A. F. Stoner
and Charles Wanke
11. Britain Between the Wars Movat, Charles L.
12. Democracy : Great Britain 1815—1914 Bentley, Michael
12. BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION
Candidates will be asked to attempt total Five questions including
one compulsory (objective type) question. They will attempt at least one
question (out of two) from each part. Short note within the question
(without choice) can also be given.
1. Nature And Scope of Management-Different Schools of thought.
2. Planning—Planning process; Planning tools; Change
5. Management Arthur G. Bedeian
6. Marketing Management Philip Kotler
7. Fundamentals of Marketing William J. Stanton
8. Marketing Joel R. Evans
9. Marketing Courtland L. Bovee.
10. Putting Total Quality Management Marshal Sashkin and
to Work Kenneth J. Kiser
11. Fundamentals of Financial Management Van Horn
12. Essentials of Managerial Finance J. Fred Weston,
Eugene and Brigham
13. Financial Management Gitt Man
3. Organisation—Type of Organisation; Theory of Organisation;
Group dynamics ; Staffing.
4. Actuating—Leading; Approaches to Leadership—Coordinating;
5. Controlling—Budgetary Control; Budgetry process.
PRINCIPLES OF MARKETING
1. An overview of Marketing.
2. Marketing’s Role in Society and inside a Firm.
3. Environment of Marketing.
4. Strategic Planning and Marketing.
5. Marketing Mix i.e. Product, Pricing, Place (Distribution,
Channels), Wholesaling, Retailing, Sales Promotion (Advertising, Publlic
6. Global Marketing.
1. Nature and Scope of Financial Management
2. Interpretation of Financial Statement—Ratio analysis, Trend
analysis—Common size analysis.
3. Time Value of Money—Concept of TVM; Net Present Value; Pay
Back period; Internal rate of return.
1. Atomic structure.—Quantum theory, Schrodinger equation,
Particle in box, hydrogen atom. Hydrogen moleculeion, hydrogen
molecule. Theories of hydrogen and metallic bonding.
2. Electrochemistry.—Ionic equilibria, theory of strong electrolytes;
ebye-Huckel theory of activity coefficients, galvanic cells, memberane
equilibria and fuel cells. Theories of Acids and Bases, glass electrode,
measurement of pH. Electroloysis, overvoltage and corrosion.
3. Thermodynamics.—First law of thermodynamics, internal energy,
enthalphy functions. Thermochemistry, Entropy and second law of
Thermodynamics, Free energy and chemical equilibrium.
4. Chemistry of Following Elements.—Oxygen, Carbon, Chlorine,
Silicon, Nitrogen, Phosphorus.
5. Metallurgy of the Following Elements.—Copper, Aluminium,
Iron and Silver.
6. Inorganic Chemical Industries.—Sulphuric Acid, Fixation of
Nitrogen, Chemical Fertilizers, Semi-conductivity devices. Cement, Glass
7. Chemistry of Transition Elements.—General characteristics of the
group based on the electronic configuration of the elements. Complex
compounds. Nature of Coordinate Bond, Historical development,
Applications of Valence Bond, Molecular Orbital and Crystal Field
Theories to explain the structures of the Complex Compounds.
8. Pollution—Water, air.
4. Working Capital Management—Cash Management; Receivable
Management; Inventory Management.
5. Port Folio Management—Types of Investment; Financial
Securities; Diversification of Risk.
6. Accounting—Accounting Cycles, Preparation of Financial
Statements; Balance Sheet, Income Statement.
1. Management Robins Stephen P.
1. Theory of Chemical Bonding.—Elements of Valence bond and
molecular orbital theories (idea of bonding, non-bonding and anti-bonding
orbitals) Sigma and Pi bonds. Hybridization, Shape of molecules.
2. Chemical Kinetics.—Rate law and its determination Order of
reaction. Experimental methods. Temperature Dependence of rate
constants. Study of mechanism of a few selected reactions (1st and 2nd
under reaction only).
3. Surface Chemistry and Catalysis.—Physical adsorption and
chemisorption. Surface area determination. Homogeneous and
Hetrogeneous Catalysis. Acid-base and Enzyme Catalysis.
4. Physical Organic Chemistry.—Elements of Organic reaction
mechanism. Optical and Geometric Isomarism. Conformational analysis.
Resonance. H—Bond and its effects on the properties of Organic
5. Organic Halogen Compounds.—Types and Synthetic application.
1. Computer Concepts, 3rd Edition, ITP, 1998 J.J. Parsond &
2. Mathematical Structures for Computer G.L. Gersting
Science, Freeman & Company
3. Java Script: The Definitive Guide, 2/e, D. Flanagan
4. The HTML Sourcebook, Wiley, 1996 I.S. Graham
6. Java: An Object First Approach, Addison F. Culwin
7. Web Page Scripting Techiques, Hayden J. Bloomberg,
5. Computer Science: An overview, 6/e, J. G. Brookshear
6. Chemistry of Carbonyl Compounds.—Types of Carbonyl
Compounds. Preparation and reactions of Aldehydes and ketones.
7. Aromatic Chemistry.—Structure of Benzene with particular
reference to Mechanism of Electrophilic Substitution Reactions.
Introduction to Software Engineering, Software life cycle, Software
Design Methodologies: Structured/Object oriented, Software
documentation and Management, Introduction to CASE tools.
8. Organic Nitrogen Compounds.—Diazonium Salts and their
synthetic applications. Preparation and reactions of Aromatic Amino
Compounds. Introduction to the Study of Dyes with particular reference to
Data Base Management
9. Chemistry of Natural Products.—Elementary study of
Carbohydrates. Oils and Fats. Alkaloids and Vitamins.
10. Industrial Organic Chemistry.—Organic Polymers. Fermentation
processes including preparation of Anti-Biotics. Petro-Chemical Industry.
1. Advanced Inorganic Chemistry Cotton. F.A. and
3rd Ed. Wilkinson Groffrey
2. Inorganic Chemistry, 3rd Ed. 1983 Hukeavy, James E.
3. Physical Chemistry 3rd Ed. Barrow, GardonM.
4. Physical Chemistry 5th Ed. Moore, Walter J.
5. University Chemistry Mahan, B.H.
6. Introduction to Organic Chemistry Streitwieser, A. Jr.
7. Mechanism & Structure in Organic Gould, Edwards
8. Organic Chemistry 2nd Ed. Morrison, Robert
Thornton & Boyd
Data Models, E-R Models, Relational Database concepts, SQL,
Normalization, Database Design.
HTML, CGI, PERL, JAVA: Applet/Script, WWW, Web based
Fundamentals of input, display and hard copy devices, scan
conversion of geometric primitives, 2D and 3D geometric transformations,
clipping and windowing, scene modeling and animation, algorithms for
visible and surface determination.
The following books or their more recent equivalents, manuals,
computer magazines and Journals, are recommended.
14. COMPUTER SCIENCE
Candidates will be asked to attempt total five questions including one
compulsory objective type question. They will attempt atleast one question
from each section. Each question will carry 20 marks.
SECTION-A Books, 1996 J. Kawski J and
8. Computer Organization and Architecture: W. Stallings
Introduction to modern machine Architecture, Storage Hierarchy;
Main/Virtual/Cache/Secondary Memory, CPU, ALU, Peripheral
communication, Designing of Instruction set, Stored program concept,
Introduction to parallel computing; SIMD/MIMD.
Functions/Types of operating systems, Processes, Interprocess
Communication/Synchronization/Co-ordination, Process Scheduling
Policies, Virtual Memory Management Techniques; Paging/Segmentation,
File Management Systems.
LAN/WAN/MAN, Communication channels, Internetworking,
Internet, Network layer structure, ISO Internet Protocol, OSI/TCP/IP
Structured and Object Oriented Programming
Basics of C/C++ environment, memory concepts, operators, control
structures, selection structures, Array & functions/methods, classes & data
Abstractions, inheritance and polymorphism.
Data Structures and Algorithms
Pseudo language, Functions, Iteration, Recursion, Time/complexity
Analysis, Stacks Queue, hashing, linked list, Searching; Sequential, Binary,
Sorting Algorithms, Graphs Algorithms, Tree Algorithms, Trees, ADTs,
Implementation using Structured/object oriented languages.
Designing for performance 4/e, Prentice-Hall
9. The Art of Computer Programming, Addison D.E. Knuth
Vol. 1 Fundamental Algorithms, 3/e, 1997
Vol. 3 Sorting and Searching, 2/e, 1998
10. Algorithms and Data Structures, Prentice N. Wirth
11. Introduction to Database Systems, 6/e, C.J. Date
Addison Wesley, 1996
12. Software Engineering, 6/e 1998 Ian Sommerville
13. Software Engineering: A Practitioners R. Pressman
Approach (4th edition), McGraw-Hill, 1997
14. Computer Networks, 3rd Edition, Prentice S. Tanenbaum
15. Operating System Concepts, 4/e, Addison- Silberschatz &
Wesley, 1996 J. Peterson,
16. Computer Graphics: Principles and Practice, Foley/Van Dam/
2/e, Addison-Wesley, 1996 Feiner/Hughes
17. Computer networks and Internet, Prentice D.E. Comer
18. C++: How to Program, Prentice-Hall, 1998 H.M. Deitel,
19. Data Base Processing, Fundamentals-design David M. Kropnke
implementation, 4th Edition, Macmillan
Publishing Company, New York, 1993
20. Data and Computer Communication, 5th W. Stallings
Edition, Prentice-Hall International, 1997
15. CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Constitutional Law—Principles of Constitutional Law with special
reference to United Kingdom, United States of America, France, Former
Union of Soviet Socialist Republic, Pakistan and India.
1. Constitution of Pakistan Monir, M.
2. Constitutional Development of Pakistan Choudhry, A.G.
3. Governments and Parties in Continental Lowell, A.L.
4. Introduction to the study of the Law of Dicey
3. Agricultural Development in Pakistan : Changes in Agricultural
Policies over plan periods, Major Monetary and Fiscal measures to promote
Agricultural development, Green Revolution Strategy and its implications
for growth and redistribution, Land Reforms and changes in the Tenure
System 1950—1980, Cooperative Farming.
4. Industrial Development in Pakistan : Early industrialisation
strategy, Creation of Financial and Development Institutions, Major
monetary and fiscal measures to promote industrial development, Changing
role of public sector over the plan periods, Evaluation of Nationalisation
Policy, Concentration of industrial income and wealth.
5. Role of Foreign Trade and Aid in economic development : Trends
in Pakistan’s Balance of Payments, Changes in direction of trade, Trends in
Pakistan’s major exports and imports, Causes of significant changes in the
trends, the role of migration and remittances in Pakistan’s economy, costs
and benefits of Foreign Aid.
6. Privatization, denationalisation and deregulation, conceptual and
operational aspects. International comparisons.
1. A Text-book of Economics Theory Stonier & Hague
2. Economic Development in the Third Todaro, M.P.
3. Under Development and Agrarian Khan, Mahmood
Structure in Pakistan Hassan
4. Economic of Islam Ahmed, S.M.
5. Economics Paul A. Samuleson
6. Factors in Economic Development Cairncross, A.K.
1. Micro Economics
Consumer behaviour, Determination of market demand and supply,
theory of the Firm, Producer’s equilibrium, Pricing of the factors of
7. Foreign Aid Theory and Practice in Wolf, Jr. DC
8. Government Finance—An Economic Due John, F.
2. Macro Economics 9. Introduction to International Economics Snider, D.A.
Basic Economic Concepts, National Income Accounting, 10. Microeconomic Theory Ferguson, C.E. &
Consumption Function and Multiplier, Determination of equilibrium level
of income and output, Inflation.
3. Money and Banking
Functions of Money, Quantity Theory of Money, The Fisher and
Cambridge Formulations, Systems of note issue, Credit Creation,
Functions of Central Banks, Instruments of credit control, Theory of
4. Public Financing
Government expenditure, Sources of Government Revenue, Types of
taxes, Incidence of different taxes, Public Debt, Objectives, methods of
repayment, Deficit financing.
5. International Trade
Theory of Comparative costs, Arguments for Protection, Balance of
payments, International liquidity, International Money and Banking
11. Modern Microeconomics Koutsoyiannis, A.
12. Macroeconomics Rudigar Dorubush
& Stanley Fisher
13. Population Problems Theompson &
14. Studies in Economic Development with Ghouse, A.
Special Reference to Pakistan
15. The General Theory of Employment, Keynes, J.M.
Interest and Money
16. The Economics of Developing Countries Hynit, H.
Note.—The candidates should be familiar with:—
Pakistan Economic Survey, Government of Pakistan, Five Year Plans,
Government of Pakistan, World Development Reports.
17. ENGLISH LITERATURE
1. Definition and measurement of Development, Characteristics of
under development, Rethinking on the concept of Development : Growth
vs. Redistributive justice, Absolute and Relative Poverty, Basic Needs
2. Planning Experience of Pakistan : A critical evaluation of the
strategy of economic planning.
Detailed study of a literary age (19th century)
The paper will cover the study of English literature from 1798 to 1900
with special reference to the works of W. Blake, Wordsworth, Shelley,
Keats, Byron, Charles Lamb, Dickens, Tennyson, Robert Browning, Hardy,
George Eliot, J.S. Mill, Ruskin and Oscar Wilde.
2. A Guide to English Literature Ford, B. Pelican
Series 7 Vols.
3. Common Pursuit Leavis, F.R.
4. D. H. Lawrence Leavis, F.R.
5. Dickens, the Novelist Leavis, F.R.
6. Gulliver and the Gentle Reader Rowson, C.J.
7. George Eliot : The Critical Heritage Caroll, D. (ed)
8. History of English Literature Legouis and
9. History of English Literature Hudson
10. Hardy, the Novelist Cecil, D.
11. Hardy : The Critical Heritage Cox, R.G. (ed)
12. In Memorium in Essay Ancient Eliot, T.S.
13. Lawrence Kermode, F.
14. Romantic Poetry Abrahams, M.H.
15. Robert Browning Amstrange, J. (ed)
16. Swift Steel, P. Preacher
Evidence of first-hand reading will be required. The paper will be
designed to test not only the candidates knowledge of the prescribed
authors works but also their understanding of the main literary trends
during the period. Questions having a bearing on the social and cultural
back-ground of the Period also be included.
17. Shakespeare’s Later Comedies; Palmer, D.J. (ed)
An anthology of Modern Criticism
18. The world of Swift Vickers, B. (ed)
19. The Art of Swift Probyn, C.T.
20. The Dark Sun, a Study of Lawrence Hough, Graham
21. The Love Ethics of Lawrence Silk, M.
22. The Lonely Tower Studies in the Henna, T.R.
The paper will require first hand knowledge of the text prescribed as
well as general awareness of the authors major works, and will be designed
to test the candidates critical ability.
Poetry of Yeats
23. The Last Romantics Hough, G.
1. Shakespeare . . Hamlet 24. The Wheel of Fire Knight, G. Willson
2. Swift . . Gullivers Travels 25. The 19th Century Back Ground Basil Willey
3. Jane Austen . . Pride and Prejudice 26. The Great Tradition Leavis, F.R.
4. Shaw . . Pygmalion 27. The Odes of Keats Holloway, T. Camb
5. Yeats . . The Second Coming, sailing to 28. Tennyson Ricks, C.
Byzanthium, Among School
Children 29. Tennyson : The Critical Heritage Jump, J.D.
6. T.S. Eliot . . The Waste Land 30. The Poetry of Browning Drew, P.
7. D.H. Lawrence . . Sons & Lovers 31. Use of Poetry & Use of Criticism Eliot, T.S.
8. Earnest Hemingway . . Old Man & The Sea 32. 20th Century Views Abrahams, M.H.
9. Samuel Backet . . Waiting for Godot 33. The Romantics Image Kermode, F.
10. Robert Frost . . The Pasture, Revelation, The Tuft
of Flowers, After Apple—
Picking, Mending Wall, The
Road not Taken, And Old Man’s
Winter Night, Birches, Fire and
Ice, Stopping by Woods, Westrunning
brook, Desert Places.
18. EUROPEAN HISTORY
1. After Strange Gods Eliot, T.S.
I. French Revolution
Background, Old Regime, Philosophers, Estate General, National
Assembly, England’s Reaction, Parties in the Legislative Assembly. The
fall of Monarchy, European coalition against France and the War, the second
and the third partition of Poland, the Terror and the end of Terror,
France and Europe 1793—95.
II. Napoleon Bonaparte
The rise of Napoleon to power, Napoleon as Emperor, statesman and
warrior, Napoleon and Europe, the continental system, the fall of Napoleon,
England’s role in the catastrophe of Napoleon.
III. Vienna Settlement and concept of Europe
Treaty of Chaumont, First treaty of Paris, Second treaty of Paris,
Treaty of Vienna, Holy Alliance. Quadruple Alliance, Congress System and
failure of congress system, British Leadership.
IV. England 1814 to 1833
Effects of War period, constitutional development, progress in
Industry, Agriculture and Culture.
V. Europe 1815 to 1848
The forces of continuity and reaction, Metternich system, the force of
change and progress, Nationalism, Democracy, Liberalism, Socialism,
Revolution in France 1830, Revolution in France in 1848 and the sequence
of revolutions in Europe.
VI. The Eastern Question 1820 to 1878
Background, the Greek Revolt 1820 to Independence 1832, the
Crimean War 1853 to 1856 and Peace Treaty of Paris, Pan Slavisin, The
Russo-Turkish War 1877, the treaty of San Stefano. The Congress and the
treaty of Berlin 1878.
1. An Intellectual History of Modern Stromberg, R.N.
2. A History of Modern World Palmer, R.
VII. Risorginmento and the Union of Italy
Revolutionary movements in Italy, Mazzini, Cavour and other
architects of Italian unification, Napoleon III and Italian Unity, Foregin
Policy of Italy after unification to 1914.
VIII. Unification of Germany
Background, Napoleon and Germany, Rise of Prussia, Zollverein,
Revolution of 1848 and Germany, Rise of Bismark and his role as architect
of German Unity, Wars with Denmark, Austria and France, Domestic and
foreign policy of Bismark from 1870 to 1890. Foreign Policy of Germany
from 1890 to 1914.
IX. The growth of Colonisation and of Overseas Empire 1815—92
Different forms of colonisation, British Colonial policy and
expansion, The French Colonial Policy and expansion, The French in North
Africa, Suez Canal, Anglo French Control in Egypt, Russia in the Caucasus
and Turkistan, Anglo-Russian Results of Colonial development.
X. England 1893 to 1910
Social and constitutional reforms, material progress, social thought
XI. Road to the FirstWorld War
Alliances and counter alliances, Drickaiserbund, Austro German
alliance 1879, Triple alliance 1882. The formation of Dualalliance 1891-93,
Anglo-Japanese alliance, French British and Russo British Entente, their
crises—Algeeiras, Bosnia, Agadir, German Navy, Baghdad Railway,
Balkan crises. The cause of First World War.
IX. The SecondWorld War
Causes, the events, Atlantic Charter, Tehran, Yalta and Potsdam
conferences, the allied victory, effect of the war.
X. The U.N.O.
Origin, the Charter of the U.N.O., U.N.O. as peace keeping force.
XI. The Political State of Europe 1945—50
The new Balance of Power in Europe, Russian domination of Eastern
Europe, Decisions on Germany’s Future, Economic Collapse of Western
Europe and recovery, Marshall Plan, Cold War, The Blockade of Berlin,
XII. The Rise of Russia as a Great power
The effects of the War on Russia, the fruit of victory, Warsaw Pact,
Russia’s efforts to spread its influence in Eastern Europe, Asia, Africa and
Latin-America 1945 to 1960.
XIII. France after the Second World War
Fourth French Republic, French Colonial Policy after Second World
War, Algeria, Indochina, De Gaule’s domestic and foreign policy.
XIV. England after the Second World War
The rise of Labour Party, Economic Policy of the Labour Party’s
Government, England’s Colonial Policy after the Second World War,
Decline of England as World Power, British CommonWealth, England and
the Common Market, England and the Middle East 1945 to 1960.
I. First World War
XV. Europe and Common Market
The origin and evolution of the European Common Market upto
Events—U.S.A.’s entry into the War, Wilson’s 14 points, the choice
of the Turks, War in the Middle East Britain’s Middle East Policy during
the War, Balfour Declaration, Defeat of Germany, Austria and Turkey,
effects of the War.
II. Peace Treaties
The Treaty of Versailles, The big four, The basis of the Treaty, The
Treaty of Versailles and the U.S. The treaties of St. Germain and Trianon,
The treaty of Serres, the Treaty of Lausanne.
III. The League of Nations
The Covenant, the League between the two Wars, causes of failure.
IV. Marxism and the Soviet Union
The Russian Revolution 1917, Lenin, The Third International 1919,
Civil War in Russia, Trotsky. The Constitution of the U.S.S.R. Stalin, First
Five year Plan, Purges, The Russian foreign policy between the twoWars.
V. Italy and Fascism
Effects of the War on Italy, Mussolini’s rise to power, Fascist party
and Principles, Italy’s foreign policy between the twoWars.
VI. Germany and Nazism
Germany from the Versailles Treaty to Hitler, Origins of Nazism,
‘Mein Kamph’, Hitler’s rise to power, Domestic Policy of Hitler, the
Totalitarian State, Hitler’s foreign policy.
VII. France between the two Wars
Defects of the French Constitution, collapse of the Third Republic,
Foreign Policy of France between the Wars.
VIII. England between the two Wars
Disadvantages of Parliamentary Government, Cabinet Government in
England. Depression of 1929 and England, Stability of British Common
Wealth, Foreign Policy of England between the Wars.
3. A History of Modern France Cobban, Afred.
4. Europe Since 1815 Craig, G.A.
5. Europe in the Ninteenth Agatha Ramm.
Century 1789, 1905
6. Europe in the Twentieth Agatha Ramm.
7. Europe Since Napoleon Thompson, D.
8. Europe Since 1870 Toll, James,
9. International Relations Between the Carr, E.H.
Two World Wars
10. Modern Europe in the Making from Fasal, G.
the French Revolution to the Common
11. The Age of Progress Colins, Irene.
12. The Norton History of Modern Europe Gilbert, F.
13. The European Powers and the German Mosse, W.E.
14. The History of Modern Europe Nicolson, H.
15. The Struggle for Mastery in Europe Taylor, A.J.P.
16. The First World War. Taylor A.J.P.
17. The Origions of the Second World War Taylor, A.J.P.
18. Western Civilization 2 Volumes Burns, E.M.
19. The Eve of European Era 1890 to the Gilbirt, Felix
20. The Age of Revolution and Reaction
3. Principles of Silviculture Daniel, T.W.
Helms & Baker
4. Plant & Environment Daubenmire, R.
5. Elementary Forest Mensuration Jerram, M.R.K.
6. Natural Resources Measurement Avery, T.E.
7. Forest Management Khattak, G.M.
8. Fundamental of Forestry Economics Duerr, W.A.
9. Surveying and Levelling Kanetkar, T.P.
10. Rasul Manual for Subordinate Anon
Engineers, Surveying Part-I
11. Material of Construction Syed, Z.H.
12. Forest Engineering (Roads & Bridges) Harrison, J.L.
13. The Pakistan Forest Act, 1927
14. Principles of Forest Policy Worrell
15. Forest Protection Hawley & Stickle
16. Forests & Forestry in Pakistan Sheikh, M.I. &
17. Range Management Stoodart, Smith
18. Vegetation & Watershed Management Colman, E.A.
PHYSICALAND GENERAL GEOGRAPHY
21. The Age of Nationalism and 1850—1890 Rich, Norman
1. Elements of Weather and Climate
Insolation and Atmospheric Temperature. Global Radiation and Heat
Balance. Atmospheric Pressure andWinds. Humidity and Precipitation. Air
Masses, Fronts and Atmospheric Disturbances. Classification of Climate
and Climatic Regions.
(i) Ecology and General Silviculture.
Major landforms, Rocks : origin, formation and classification,
Internal Structure of the Earth, Earth quakes and Volcancity, Weathering,
Mass Wasting, Erosion and Deposition, Cycle of Erosion. Landforms
produced by Underground and Ground Water, Wind and Glaciers.
(ii) Forest Statistics, Mensuration and Research Methods.
(iii) Forest Management and Economics.
(iv) Water Shed Management.
(v) Range Management
(vi) Forests surveying and Engineering.
(vii) Forest Policy, Law and Protection.
(viii). Forest Biology, Wildlife and Natural Park Management.
1. Manual of Silviculture for Pakistan Champion, Seth
& Khattak, G.M.
2. Forest Types of Pakistan —Do—
Continental Margins and the Sea Floor. Distribution of Temperature
and Salinity. Movements of the Ocean Water : Waves, Currents and Tides.
4. Study of Maps
Types of maps : Topographical Maps, Aerial Photographs, Weather
Maps. Map Projections : classification and choice of projections, Merits
and Demerits of Cylindrical, Conical and Zenithal Projections. Diagrams,
graphs and Distribution Maps based on Statistical Data.
HUMAN, ECONOMIC AND REGIONAL GEOGRAPHY
1. Human Geography
Man and his Habitat : Concepts of Environmentalism and Possibilism.
World Population-distribution, structure and growth (natural increase and
migration). World, Society and Culture : races, languages and religions,
levels of education and welfare. Settlements—rural and urban,
characteristics and problems of urban places. Population/Resource
2. Economic Geography
Economic Activities : primary, secondary and tertiary. Primary
Activity : agricultural systems ; subsistence, intensive, extensive,
mechanized and mixed farming. Production, Distribution and Trade of
Major Cereal and Non-Cereal Crops. Forests and Fisheries. Power Resources.
Major Industries : iron and steel, textiles and chemical industries. Politicoeconomic
Relationship between the More Developed and Less Developed
3. Regional Geography
Economic and Social Regions of the world. Regional Geography of
South Asia with special reference to Pakistan under the following heads :
Resource base (Human, Physical and Economic) Transport, Trade and
1. Physical Geography Lake, P.
2. Physical Geography Strahler, A.N.
3. An Introduction to Climate Trewartha, G.T.
4. An Introduction to Map work and Bygott J.
5. Maps and Diagrams Monkhouse, F.J.
and Wilkinson, H.R.
6. Human Geography Deblij, H.J.
7. Human Geography Bradford, M.G. &
8. Population Geography Jones, H.R.
9. Population Geography Clarke, J.I.
10. Economic Geography Pounds, N.
11. South Asia Jonson, B.L.C.
12. An Introduction to South Asia Farmer, B.H.
13. A Geography of Pakistan Kureshy, K.U.
1. The Evolving Earth Sawkins & others
2. Physical Geology Skinner & Porter
3. Structural Geology Park
4. Geodynamics of Pakistan Farah & Dejong
5. Invertebrate Palaeontology Moore, Laliker &
6. Stratigraphy and Sedimentation Krumbein & Sloss
7. Stratigraphy of Pakistan Ibrahim Shah
8. Mineralogy Berry & Mason
1. General Geology : Earth as a planet, its origin and age. Internal
structure of the earth and lithospheric plates. Internal and external geological
processes such as earth-quakes, volcanism, weathering, erosion and
deposition. Geomorphic cycles.
2. Structural Geology : Primary sedimentary structures. Mechanical
properties of rocks. Description and classification of secondary strucutres.
Structures in Metamorphic rocks. Orogeny and geosynclines in plate
tectonic framework. Major tectonic features of the earth. Geodynamics of
3. Palaeontology : Fossils and their preservation. Morphology,
evolution and geologic distribution of major invertebrate phylla.
Micropalaeontology of Foraminifera. Vertebrate and plant fossils.
4. Stratigraphy : Stratigraphic nomenclature, and stratigraphic
codes. Principles of correlation. Sedimentary basins of Pakistan and
detailed stratigraphy of type sections.
5. Mineralogy : Chemical composition of the earth crust. Minerals,
their physical and chemical properties. Space lattice, symmetry classes and
crystal systems. Crystal optics. Atomic structure of crystals and X-Ray
diffraction. Detailed study of important rock forming minerals.
9. Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology Turner &
10. Sedimentary Rocks Pettjohn
11. Mineral Directory of Pakistan Zaki Ahmed
12. Industrial Rocks and Minerals Lefond
13. Geology of Petroleum Leverson
14. Energy Resources Brown & Skipsey
15. Engineering Geology Beavis
16. Groundwater Hydrology Todd
17. Geological Prospecting Kreiter
18. Techniques in Mineral exploration Reedman
22. HISTORY OF PAKISTAN AND INDIA
6. Petrology : Origin and evolution of magma. Binary and Ternary
silicate systems. Description of important plutonic and volcanic
associations. Sedimentary environments and processes. Petrography of
major types of sedimentary rocks. Metamorphism, metamorphic zones and
facies. Description of principle types of metamorphic rocks.
Metamorphism and magmatism in relation to plate tectonics. 712—1857 (Excluding arrival of European nations,
decline and fall of Muslim Rule)
Arrival of the Muslims in the sub-continent, foundation of Muslim
Rule—administrative system and reforms under the Sultans and the
Structure of the Muslim society.
1. Economic Geology : Processes of formation of mineral deposits.
Detailed study of metallic and non-metallic mineral deposits of Pakistan.
Mineral based industries. Metallogeny of Pakistan.
2. Energy Resources : Constitution and kinds of coal. Geology of
Pakistan coal fields. Origin, migration and accumulation of natural
hydrocarbons. Oil well drilling and drilling muds. Oil and gas fields of
Pakistan. Origin and occurrence of radioactive minerals. Pakistan resource
of atomic energy minerals. Geothermal energy; recovery and uses.
Industry, trade and commerce under the Muslim patronage, the Army,
Financial administration, Zakat, Ushr, Kharaj etc.
Administration of Justice—Sufis and Ulema—the Madrassahs and
Art and architecture, literature, sports, dress—Muslim contribution to
scientific knowledge—Policy of the Muslim rules towards non-Muslims.
The spirit and legacy of Muslim civilization.
3. Engineering Geology : Geological factors in the construction of
civil engineering projects. Geology of Dam Sites of Pakistan. Landslides
and stability of slopes. Open and subsurface excavations. Construction
materials and building stones. Site investigation and foundation analysis.
4. Hydrogeology : Groundwater occurrence and types of acquifers.
Movement of groundwater. Salinity and waterlogging. Water resources of
5. Exploration Geology : Geological mapping and tradition
prospecting methods. Photogeology and remote sensing mineral
exploration. Disperson of trace elements and geochemical surveys.
Geophysical techniques for prospecting of solid minerals, oil and water.
Part A : 1857—1947
Arrival of European nations—decline and fall of Muslim Rule,
contributions of Shah Wali Ullah, Syed Ahmed Shaheed and Sir Syed
Ahmed Khan towards regeneration of the Muslim—Hindu reform
movements and anti-Muslim role of Hindu leaders.
Constitutional reforms of the British Government and growth of the
Political Parties—Indian National Congress, All India Muslim league—
Partition of Bengal, Simla Deputation, Role of Nawab Mohsin-ul-Mulk,
Syed Ameer Ali, the Agha Khan and other Muslim leaders, Lucknow
pact; Khilafat movement. Contribution of Maulana Muhammad
Ali, Allama Iqbal, Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah for Muslim uplift
Nehru report, Quaid-i-Azam’s Fourteen Points, Allama
Iqbal’s Allahabad Address 1930, Round Table Conference. The Congress
role in the provinces, Lahore Resolution 1940, various missions and plans
for the partition of the sub-continent.
Quaid-i-Azam as an organizer of the Muslim League
Muslim leader and maker of Pakistan.
HISTORY OF THE U.S.A.
1. America at 1750 A Social Portrait Hofstadter,
2. A Pocket History of the United States Nevnis, Allan and
3. American Foreign Policy Since Spainer, W.
PAKISTAN SINCE 1947 4. Abolitionism A New Perspective. Sorin, Gerald.
5. American Individualism : A Study of Malik, Iftikhar H.
Constitution making in Pakistan—various attempts at constitution
making. Difficulties in establishing a parliamentary democracy, imposition
of various Martial Laws, nature of Pakistan’s economy, development plans.
Role of foreign aid.
Separation of East Pakistan, causes and effect : Pakistan and the
world—major powers, Islamic world, relations with India.
Social and intellectual trends after 1947. Contribution of Quaid-i-
Azam as First Governor General and Liaquat Ali Khan as first Prime
HISTORY OF PAKISTAN AND INDIA
1. Constitutional Development in Pakistan G.W. Choudhry.
2. Constitutional History of India Keith A.B.
3. Early India & Pakistan Wheeler Mortimer
4. Five Thousand Year of Pakistan Wheeler R.E.M.
5. Government & Politics in Pakistan Ahmad Mushtaq.
6. Pakistan & India G.W. Choudhry.
7. Political System in Pakistan Khalid Bin Saeed.
8. Pakistan the Formative Phase Khalid Bin Saeed.
9. Studies in Islamic culture in Indian Aziz Ahmed.
10. The Making of Pakistan Richard Symond.
11. Political Parties in Pakistan Vol. I & II Afzal, Rafique.
12. The Great Divide : Britain, India Hodson, H.V.
13. The Pakistan Experience—State and Khan, Asghar.
14. Pakistan in Transition Wriggins, W.H. (ed)
15. Muslim Rule in Indio-Pak subcontinent Ishwari Prasad
16. Two Nation theory Shafiq Ali Khan
17. The British Raj in India S. M. Burke
23. HISTORY OF THE U.S.A.
its Origin and Development, Pakistan
Journal of American Studies.
6. Benjamin Franklin The Father of the Malik, Iftikhar H.
Yankees “Pakistan Journal of American
7. Encyclopedia of American History Morris, Richard &
8. Evolution of Muslim Community in Malik, Iftikhar H.
the U.S. Journal of Research Society
of Pakistan No. 2.
9. Family Encyclopedia of American History —
10. Iran, Turkey and Afghanistan Ziring, Lawrence.
A Political Chronology.
11. Main Currents in American History. Parrington,
12. Paved with Good Intentions Rubin, Barry.
The American Experience and Iran.
13. The Americans : The Colonial Experience Boorstin, David J.
The Americans the National Experience —do—
14. The United States Hofstadter,
Richard et. al.
15. The American Constitution Pritchet, Herman.
16. The United States and Pakistan Tahir-Khali,
17. United States Pakistan Relation, “U.S. Malik, Iftikhar H.
Pakistan Relation : A Historical Perspective
on Cross-Cultural Dialogue”,
in Rais A. Khan ed.
18. U.S. China Relations : A Study in Malik, Iftikhar H.
Imperialism “Strategic Studies”.
19. White Man’s Burden : Historical Jordan, Winthrop
Origins of Racism in the United States D.
20. Out of Our Past : The Forces That Degler, Carl N.
Shaped Modern Amercia
21. The American Constitution : Its Origins Kelly, Alfred H.
22. Making America : The Society and Luedtke, Luther,
Culture of the United States S.
History of the U.S.A.—Facts of political history from the early settlers
to the present day. Questions will also be asked on economic and
constitutional development of the U.S.A.
24. INTERNATIONAL LAW
Note.—Credit will be given not only for precise presentation of facts but also
for sound critical judgement.
International Law : Public International Law, Important cases decided
by the permanent court of International Justice, the International Court
of Justice and U.N.O. Law of the Sea.
2. Politics Among Nations Hans Morgenthan
3. World Politics : An Introduction James N. Rosenau
4. An Introduction to International Theodor Contobius
Politics : Power and Justice and ThomasWolfe
5. Contending Theories of Interna- Tames Dougherty
6. Issues in Global Politics Gavin Boyd
7. World Politics Since 1945 Peter Caluocorassi
8. International Relations : Peace Richard
or War Rosecrance
9. Relations of Nations Frederick
1. Public International Law Brownlie
2. Territorial Waters and Maritime
Zones Act., 1976
3. U.N. Convention on Law of the Sea—
25. INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
1. The modern state system—history, basic features, evolving
2. International Relations as a field of study, Basic Approaches—
Power, Balance of Power, Imperialism, Nationalism.
3. Interaction between states—diplomacy, International Law,
international economic and trade linkages—pressures in world politics.
1. Evolution of the International System since 1815 (Congress of
Vienna) Historical Overview.
2. World War I, II, Decolonization, Rise of the Third World Alliance
System (NATO, SEATO, CENTO, WARSAWPACT) Peaceful coexistence :
Non-Aligned Movement Theories of Peace and Security in Nuclear Age
(Deterrence, Limited war, Crisis Management etc). Detente.
1. Foreign Policies of the Superpowers, major powers (USA, USSR,
China) with special reference to South Asia (India, Pakistan, etc.).
2. Issues in global Politics.
(a) Nuclear Proliferation.
(b) Superpower rivalry in the Indian Ocean.
(c) International economic order.
10. Indian Ocean and the Superpowers : Rasul Bux Rais
Economic, Political and Strategic
11. Sanctuary and War Pervaiz Iqbal
12. Contemporary Strategy : Theories J. Baylis, K.
and Policies Booth, P.
26. ISLAMIC HISTORYAND CULTURE
I. Humanity at the dawn of Islam
A brief survey of major world civilizations, with special emphasis on
their intellectual, humanistic and special institutions—their impact on
II. Advent of Islam
Life and teachings of the Holy Prophet.
Foundations of a new and revolutionary world order :
Institutions of Islam; Political, Social, Economic and Legal Strucutre of the
The Quran : Emphasis on the study of Nature and Research, Changes
brought by Islam in human thinking and behaviour.
III. Foundation of Muslim State
Early conquests of the Khulafa-i-Rashidin ;
Administrative and legal structure of the State.
Political and Ideological differences and the emergence of the Ummayyads;
Expansion and consolidation of the Empire.
IV. The Grandeur of Islam
Philosophical, scientific and Literary Progress of the Muslims during
the Abbasid period.
V. The Ottoman Caliphate
Turkish march towards Europe. Political structure of the Turkish
Empire, salient features of their administration, decline and disintegration.
(d) Regional Security issues and crises (Afghanistan Crises,
Iran—Iraq war, Palestine problem, Aparthied and South
Africa, Namibia, Polish crises, Eurocommunism, Central
American crises etc.)
(e) Arms Control and disarmament.
I. Islam in Africa and Spain
1. International Politics K.J. Holsti
II. Muslim achievements in Natural and Social Sciences; Schools of
Baghadad, Spain and Iran, Muslim contribution to History, Science,
Medicine and other branches of human civilization.
III. Muslim Arts
Muslims’ contribution in architecture, music, painting, handicrafts,
pottery, calligraphy, etc.
IV. Renaissance and Reformation
Origin of this intellectual revolution ; Contribution of Muslim
Universities and Seminaries in Spain and Baghdad ;
Dissemination of Muslim learnings in the West.
V. Modern World
Impact of Islam on Western thought, social institutions and economic
ISLAMIC HISTORY AND CULTURE
1. Discovering Islam—Making Sense Ahmad, Akbar S.
of Muslim History and Society
2. Islam : Ideology and Leading Issues Ali, Anwar.
3. The Spirit of Islam Ali, S. Ameer
4. Aspects of Islamic Civilization : The Arberry, A.J.
Muslim World Depicted Through Its
5. The Preaching of Islam—A History Arnold, T.W.
of the Muslim Faith
6. The History of Philosophy in Islam Boer, T.J.De.
7. History of the Islamic Peoples Brockelmann,
8. Spanish Islam Dozy, R.
9. Studies on the Civilization of Islam Gibb, Hamilton
10. The Religion of Islam, Vol. I & II Glawash, Ahmad
11. Classical Islam : A History 600— Grunebaum, G.E.
12. Cambridge History of India Holts, P.M. and
13. Islam Resurgent : The Islamic Irving, T.B.
14. Islam : From Prophet Mohammad to Lewis, Bernard
the Capture of Constantinople.
15. Islam in History. Munir,
16. Islam and The Modern World Nadawi, Abu
17. The Making of the Past : the Rogers, Michael
Spread of Islam
18. A History of Medieval Islam Saunders, J.J.
19. Introduction to Islamic Civilization Savory, R.M. (ed)
20. The Legacy of Islam Schacht, Joseph &
21. Islamic History—ANew Inter- Shaban, M.A.
pretation AD 750—1055
22. A History of Muslim Philosophy Sharif, M.M.
23. Muslim Thought : Its Origin and Mohd. Hanif
24. Studies in Islamic History Siddiqi, Amir
(b) Educational Function
(c) Opinion for motives
(d) Entertainment function
3. Pakistan Press, An overview of the evolution of the Muslim Press
in South Asia before 1947 and development of the Pakistan Press since
1947, its social economic aspect; Trends and Characteristics; Problems and
4. Mass Media : Components, functions and effects, Mass Media in
Pakistan : Size and dispersion; Role in national development, Prospects and
5. News. Principles and techniques of News writing. Editorial :
Definition, ingredients, Types and functions of writing of Editorials.
6. Public Relations : Definition, Purpose and scope, Ethics, PR in
Pakistan ; Duties of PRO; PR Procedures and Processes.
7. Magazine Journalism : Mag-Journalism in Pakistan. Types,
Functioning Purpose its social aspects and scope.
8. Press Release, Press Note, and Press Communication :
Definitions and Basic ingredients.Writing of Press Release, Press Note and
9. Advertising : Definition, functions, types and purpose. Its social
and economic aspects, principles of successful advertising.
10. Press Laws : Press Laws in Pakistan (gradual developments) and
the ‘Right to Know’ concepts of press freedom and responsibility, Ethics of
1. Advertising Operations and Management Beinton
2. Contemporary Public Relations Garkan Gene &
3. Communication in Power Herbert Brucver.
4. Exploring Journalism Wosley and
5. Editor and EditorialWriting A Gayle Waldrop.
6. Hand Book of Public Relations Stephenson
7. Journalism in Pakistan Dr. Abdus Slam
8. Mass Communication Wilbur Schram.
9. Newspaper Organization and Rucker
27. JOURNALISM (MASS COMMUNICATION)
Note: Candidate will be asked to attempt total five questions
including one compulsory (objective type) question. They will attempt at
least two questions from each Section. Short note within the question
(without choice) can also be given.
Concept and process of communication : Source, Message,
Channel, Destination, Encoding, Decoding, Noise, Feedback Oral vs
Written Communication. Two step flow of Communication. Role of
2. Information and Journalism—Functions : Scanning the Horizon
and reporting back.
(a) News function
10. Practical Newspapers Reporting Geofrey Haris &
11. Process and Effects of Mass Wilbur Schram.
12. Radio & T.V. Writing Max Wylic
2. A Manual and Mercantile Law Hashmi, I.R. &
3. Contract Act Mannan, M.A.
4. Insurance Law Farani
5. Negotiable Instruments Act Khergermvala
6. Sales of Goods and Partnership Acts Pollock and Mulla
7. Arbitration Act., 1940
30. MUSLIM LAW AND JURISPRU ENCE
1. The Islamic Law as Administered in Pakistan.
2. Principles of the Islamic Jurisprudence.
2. The Principles of Mohammadan Sir Abdur Rahim
Civil Procedure Code, Contract Act and Law of Torts.
The aims of the syllabus in Persian are as follows :
Qanun-e-Shahadat, 1984. Code of Criminal Procedure and Penal Code.
1. Criminal Procedure Code Shaukat Mahmud
2. Law of Torts Choudhry, A.M.
3. Pakistan Penal Code Shaukat Mahmud
4. Qanun-e-Shahadat 1984
5. The Law of Contract Dr. M.A. Mannan
6. The Civil Procedure Code Aamir Raza
29. MERCANTILE LAW
(i) To acquaint the students with classical and modern Persian.
(ii) To familiarise them with such selection of Persian texts including
those from Iqbal, which have a value in practical life.
1. (a) Origin and development of the language.
Outline : (i) Elementary information about; Avesta, Old Persian and
(ii) The advent of Persian prose and poetry in the present
script in the Islamic era.
(iii) The earlier Persian prose writers and poets upto 4th
century H/10th century A.C.
(b) Significant features of the grammer of the language.
Mercantile Law.—The main principles of law relating to Agreements:
Contracts ; Bailment; Pledge; Sale of Goods Act; Agency; Partnership Act;
Indemnity and Guarantee, Negotiable Instruments Act; Companies
Ordinance, 1984. Contract Act, Life, Fire and Marine Insurances, Law of
1. A Hand-Book of Company Law Choudhry, A.M.
Outline : (i) Grammer :
The three tenses, imperative modd (Affirmative and
Negative) and muzara for present and future tenses.
(ii) Translation of simple English passage into Persian.
2. Literary History and literary criticism—Literary movements,
classical background, Socio-Cultural Influences and modern trends: Origin
and development of modern literary genres.
Emphasis : (i) The literary history should include the development of
Persian language and literature, besides Iran, in
Afghanistan, the Indo-Pakistan Sub-Continent and the
Persian speaking areas of the Former USSR.
(ii) In classical background, the four styles known as
Khurasani, Iraqi, Hindi and Revivalist may be studied.
(iii) In the literary movements the revivalist and purist
movements, and in the modern trends, the adaptation of
Western loan words in Persian language needs to be
3. Short essay in Persian —————————
The paper will require first—hand reading of the texts prescribed and
D will be designed to test the candidate’s critical ability.
1. Farrukhi Seestani.
(Qasida on the conquest of Soomnath)
Candidates will be expected to show some familiarity with the
2. Unsar-ul-Maali Qabus (Qabus Nama).
Last Chapter 44
MUSLIM LAW AND JURISPRUDENCE
1. Principles of Mohammadan Law Mulla, D.F.
3. Rumi Masnavi. Daftar 1
(1st half upto
4. Saadi Gulistan. Chapter 7 & 8.
Diwan upto radif Re
15. Reconstruction of Religious Iqbal, M.
Thought in Islam
16. Types and Problems of Philosophy Mead, H.
(a) Asrar-i-Khudi upto Marhilah-e-Siwum Niabat-e-Ilahi.
(b) Javid Nama (Last Chapter)
Address to Javid (Dialogue with the new generation).
1. Iranian Revolution Dr. Wahiduz-
2. Modern Trends in the Persian Dr. A. Shakoor
2. Muslim Rationalists and Social Thinkers—Al-Farabi, Ibn-i-Sina,
Ibn-i-Rushd, and Ibn-i-Khaldun: their main doctrines.
3. Schools of Muslim Theology—Mutazilism, Ash’ arism, Sufism,
Al-Ghazali (his Ethics and Criticism of Muslim Rationalists).
4. Muslim thought in South Asia with special reference to ShahWali
Ullah, Sayyid Ahmad Khan and Iqbal, and Post-Iqbalian Thought.
1. A Modern Introduction to Metaphysics Drenon D.A.
2. A History of Philosophical Systems Firm, Vergilius
3. Aqliyyat-e-Ibn-e-Taimya (Urdu) Maulana
4. A Modern Introduction to Logic Stebbing, L.S.
5. Critical Thinking Blank, Max
6. History of Muslim Philosophy Sharif, M.M.
Vols. I, II.
7. History of Modern Philosophy Wright, W.K.
8. Human Knowledge, Its Scope Russell, B.
9. History of Islamic Philosophy Fakhri, Majid.
10. Introduction to Philosophy Patrick G.T.W.
11. Iqbal and Post-Kantian Voluntarism Dar, B.A.
12. Introduction to Logic Copi, I.M.
13. Logical Postivism Qadir, C.A.
14. Philosophical Analysis Urmson, J.O.
17. Types of Philosophy Mocking, W.E.
1. Formal and informal arguments; Elements of deductive
reasoning; validity and truth; Proposition and syllogism.
2. Definition with special reference to Aristotle, Ibn-e-Taimya’s
Criticism of Aristotle; Relativity of definition; Ambiguity; vagueness and
emotive use of language as impediments in clear thinking; Fallacies—
formal, material and linguistic.
3. Symbolic Logic: value of special symbols, symbols for
conjunction, Negation, Disjunction and Implication. Method of Deduction
: Formal proofs of validity, Rules of Replacement.
4. The nature of scientific theory; Scientific method; Inquiry at
common sense level and scientific level; Scientific explanation; The
grounds of belief; induction, probability and functional analysis.
5. Muslim contribution to Logic—inductive and deductive.
PHILOSOPHY—WESTERN AND ISLAMIC
1. Idealism, Pragmatism, Vitalism, Logical Positivism,
Existentialism and Dialectical Materialism: The main arguments of these
Philosophical theories and their impact on life and morals.
Vectors—Dots, Cross and triple products, Gradient, divergence and
Newtonian laws of motion; conservation law of energy; conservation
of linear and angular momentum; Dynamics of rigid body; spin and
precession; gyroscope; Gravitation; planetary motion including satellite.
Special theory of relativity. Mischelson—Morely experiment and
Einstein’s postulates; Lorentz transformation; time dilation and length
contraction; equivalence of mass and energy.
Surface tension; Viscosity; Elasticity; fluid motion and Bernoullie’s
Waves and Oscillation
Free oscillation with one and two degrees of freedom; forced and
damped oscillations and phenomenon of resonance. Travelling waves and
transmission of energy; Phase and Group velocity; standing waves.
1. History of Muslim Philosophy M. M. Sharif
2. Constitutional Development in Pakistan G.W. Choudhry
3. Comparative Politics : AWorld View Almond & Powell
4. Contemporary Political Analysis Garles Worth
5. Govt. and Parliament : A Survey from Herbert Morrison
Reflection, Refraction, Interference, Diffraction and Polarization of
waves; interfero-meter and Newton’s rings; Diffraction Gratings and their
resolving power; spectro-meters. Electromagnetic wave equation; normal
and anamolous dispersion; coherence, laser and its application.
Heat and Thermodynamics
Perfect gas and Van der Waals equation; Three Laws of
Thermodynamics, Thermal properties of Simple system production and
measurement of low temperatures; kinetic theory of gases; Maxwellian
distribution of molecular velocities; Brownian motion; Transport
1. Political Theory
34. POLITICAL SCIENCE
phenomena. Classical Maxwell-Boltzmann Statistics and its application;
Quantum Bose—Einstein and Fermi—Dirac Statistics.
(i) Western Political Thought
Plato, Aristotle, Machiavelli, Montesquieu, Hobbes, Locke,
Rousseau, Bentham, Mill, Marx, Lenin, Mao
Electricity and Magnetism
(ii) Muslim Political Thought
Al-Farabi, Al-Mawardi, Nizam-ul-Mulik Tusi, Al-Ghazali,
Electric field due to point charges, Gauss’ law Electric potential and
poisson and Laplace’s equation Dielectric medium and Polarization;
Capacitance; Moving charges and magnetic field Ampere’s law; Vector
potential; Magnetic properties of matter; Transient current; Faraday’s law
of electromagnetic induction; Alternating current and LRO circuit.
Maxwell’s equations; Poynting theorem and Poynting Vector.
Thermionic emission; Space charge; Diode. Triode Tetrode; Pentode
and their static and dynamic characteristics; Amplitude modulation and
demodulation or detection. Various basic circuits for rectification,
amplification modulation and detection connected with radio receivers and
transmission; n and p type semiconductors; Biased function; Transistors;
Common base and common emitter configurations.
Bohr theory and quantum numbers including electron spin; Pauli’s
exclusion principle; Spectra of simple systems with one or two valence
electrons. Photo electric effect Compton scattering; pair production;
Lande’s g factor and Zeeman effect. Raman effect;Waves and particles and
De Broglie’s Hypothesis; Shrodinger wave equation and its application to
one dimensional harmic oscillator. Heisen berg’s uncertainly principle.
2. The nature and emergence of Modern state system, Islamic
concept of state.
3. Political concepts, Sovereignty, Law, Liberty, Equality, Rights
4. Political Dynamics : Public Opinion, Propaganda, Political
Parties, Pressure Groups.
5. Political Institutions : Legislature, Executive, Judiciary, Political
Elites, Civil and Military Bureaucracy.
6. Forms of Government : Monarchy, Democracy, Dictatorship,
Unitary and Federal, Presidential and Parliamentary.
7. Totalitarianism : Fascism, Communism.
8. Local Self-govenrment : Theory and Practice with special
reference to Pakistan.
Structure of Nuclei; Radioactivity , , and decay. Methods of
detection, Mass Sepectrometer. Accelerators. Phenomenon of fission;
reactor and nuclear power, nuclear fusion and its application, Elementary
particles and their properties.
1. Perspectives of Modern Physics. A. Beiser.
2. Fundamentals of Physics. Halliday &
3. Introduction to Electromagnetic D. Corson &
Fields and Waves. P. Lorrain.
4. Engineering Electronics. J. D. Ryder.
5. Semiconductor Electronics. J. F. Gibbons.
6. Physics Course. Barkeley.
7. Heat and Thermodynamics. W. Zemanasky
8. Nuclear Physics. W. E. Burcham.
9. Nuclear Physics. Kaplan.
1. Selected Political Systems : Nature and dynamics of major political
institutions in U.S.A., U.K., France and Former Soviet Union.
2. Political Systems of developing countries : Turkey, Iran, India and
3. Rise of Muslim Nationalism in South Asia with special reference
to the role of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, Iqbal and Quaid-i-Azam
Mohammad Ali Jinnah.
4. A comparative and critical analysis of the 1956, 1962, 1973 and
1985 Constitutions of Pakistan.
9. Political Thought in Medieval Islam Rosenthal
10. Modern Islamic State Rosenthal
11. Political Thought in perspective William Edenstein
12. Patterns of Governments Samuel H. Beer
Adem B. Ullam
13. Pakistan A Political Study Keith Callard
14. Politics, Parties and Pressure Groups V.O. Key Jr.
15. Modern Political Systems : Asia Roy, C. Macradis
16. Politics in Pakistan : Nature and Khalid Bin
Direction of Change Sayeed
17. Reflection on Government Earnest Barker
18. South-East Asia Political System Lucian W. Pye
19. The Political System of Pakistan Khalid B. Sayeed
20. Nizam-ul-Mulk Tusi, Published by Rizvi S. Rizwan
Mohammad Ashraf, Lahore, 1978 Ali
6. Govt. and Politics in Pakistan Mushtaq Ahmed
7. History of Political Theory George H. Sabine
8. History of Political Theories William A.
(Three Volumes) Dunning
1. Meaning, phases and characteristics of Growth, development and
Maturation, Methods of developmental psychology, Biological and sociocultural
factors, Importance of Developmental psychology, Broad
approaches to the study of children.
2. Pre-natal development and infancy : Genetic Factors, Hereditary
transmission and chromosomal abnormality, Stages, Developmental irregularities,
Psychological and physical characteristics of the infant, Methods of
studying infant behaviour.
3. Physical, motor and sensory development. Perceptual
development. Intellectual development : Development of logical thought in
early childhood, Development of concepts, Creativity. Emotional
Development : patterns, characteristics, Some common emotional patterns.
4. Concept of abnormality : popular and scientific, Goals of Clinical
Diagnosis, Personality Assessments, Behavioural Assessment, Nature of
Clinical Judgement, Sources of information in clinical diagnosis,
Assessments of organisations, institutions and environment, Professional
issues, The nature of professional preparation for clinical psychological
work, ethical standards and legal issues.
5. Therapies : Somatic therapies, environmental therapies,
psychoanalytic, phenomenological, existential, Gestalt, rational—emotive
and cognitive Therapies, Behaviour therapy and behaviour modification,
6. Intelligence : Its nature and assessment, Mental retardation.
7. Biological and sociological factors in maladjustments and crime,
Juvenile delinquency, drug addiction, alcoholic and sex offences—
characteristics, causation and treatment.
35. PSYCHOLOGY INCLUDING
8. Psychoneurotic disorders, Psychosis, Character disorders,
9. Industry : Nature of the work situations; work, vocation,
personality and society, Working environment,Works methods and modern
approaches, Work efficiency, Group dynamics, Work incentives, Job
1. Definition and scope of Psychology, Psychology as a science of
behaviour, Schools and Systems of Psychology, Recent trends in
2. Nervous System : Structure and functions of cells, Central and
Peripheral Nervous System, Endocrine system.
3. Learning : Conditioning—classical and operant, Reinforcement,
Avoidance conditioning, Extinction, Discrimination learning, imprinting,
Theories of learning, Verbal learning, Probability learning, Concept
learning, Perceptual learning, Transfer and interference, Motivational
factors in learning, Readiness and individual differences in learning.
4. Nature of motives and emotions : Homeostasis, Biogenic and
social motives, Measurement of human motivation, Theories of
motivation—Maslow, Lewin and Freud, Theories of emotion, Role of
endocrine glands, frustration and conflict.
5. Nature of perceptual organization : Perception of distance,
Movement, Space, Depth, colour, Perceptual constancy, Effect of learning
and motivation on perception, Senses viz. vision, hearing and other senses.
Perception and sensation, Determinations of perception (Needs, attitudes,
sets, values, personality traits, emotional states, suggestions, etc.).
6. Nature and determinants of personality : Factors in development
of personality. Theories of personality, trait and types, Freudain, Neo-
Freudain, Murry, Allport, Cattel. Types of personality tests and their
7. Socialization : Society and personality, Formation of opinions and
8. Structure and Functions of Group, Role status relations, Group
norms, Group solidarity, Intergroup tension, International tension.
1. An Introduction of Psychology Wikon & Wargment
2. Child and Adult Psychology Medinnus, G.
Rand, V. C.
3. Historical Introduction to Modern Murphy, G. &
Psychology Koraclr, J.K.
4. History and System of Psychology Sahakiam, W.S.
5. Historical Roots of contemporary Wolman, B.B.
6. Psychology Around the World Mistak, H. &
7. Psychological Testing Anastasi, A.
8. Psychotherapy and Counselling Sauakian
9. Physiological Psychology Gronmen, S.P.
10. Reading in Abnormal Psychology Allmon, Jaffe
11. Systems and Theories in Psychology Menor, M.H.D.
Hill in, W.O.
12. Social Psychology Berkowitz, Z.
13. Studies in Cross cultural Psychology Warron, N.
36. PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
1. Public Administration.—Its nature and scope, the role of Public
Administration in a modern Welfare State.
2. Major Schools of thought in Administration.—Scientific
Management Movement, Human Relationists; Behavioural School;
3. Bureaucracy.—Concept of Bureaucracy, Theories of
Bureaucracy, Ecology of Bureaucracy; Bureaucracy of Pakistan as a
4. Administrative Leadership.—Approaches to the study of
Leadership, Forms of Leadership, Leadership qualities.
5. Administrative Accountability.—Internal and External Controls;
Executive Control, Legislative Control, Judicial Control, Ombudsman,
Public Opinion and Pressure Groups; Problems of Administrative
Accountability in Pakistan.
6. Planning.—Types of Plans, Planning Process; Principles of
Planning, Planning Machinery; the system of planning and programming in
Pakistan, Planning Machinery in Pakistan.
7. Organization.—Types of Organization, Theories of Organization,
Principle of Organization, The Organization of Federal and Provincial
Governments in Pakistan, Public Corporations in Pakistan.
8. Personnel Administration.—Nature and scope of Personnel
Administration; Personnel Functions, Tools of Personnel Management,
Salient Features of the system of Public Personnel Management in
9. Controlling and Co-Ordination.—Forms of Controls, Control
Mechanism, the process of Control, Principles of Controlling; Principles of
Coordination; Machinery for Coordination; Problems of Coordination in
Public Administration in Pakistan.
10. Communication.—Types of Communication, Communication
Channels, Communication Process, Principles of Communication.
11. Financial Administration.—Elements of Financial
Administration, Performance and Programmed Budgeting, Capital Budget,
Principles of Budgeting, Auditing and Accounting.
10. Public Administration Theory and Fesler, James W.
11. Pakistan in Search of Democracy, Yusuf, Hamid.
12. Pakistan The Enigma of Political Ziring, Lawrence
13. Research on the Bureaucracy of Braibanti, Raplh
14. The Human Side of Enterprize. Douglas Mc
15. The Bureaucracy of Pakistan Charles F.
1. A Handbook of Public Relations. United Nations.
2. An Introduction to the Public E.N. Cladden
3. Administrative Behaviour Herbet, A Simon.
4. Bureaucracy : Modern Society Pebr, M. Blau.
5. Human Relations Administration Robert Dubir.
6. Introduction to the Study of Public L.D. White
7. Public Administration Simon, Smithuburg
8. Public Administration Pfiffner and
9. Public Administration for a Welfare Paul Abbleby
9. Mathematical Methods Yusuf, S.M.
10. Mathematical Analysis Apostal, T.M.
38. PURE MATHEMATICS
5. Calculus with Analytic Geometry Yusuf, S.M.
6. Differential Geometry of Three Weatherburn, C.E.
7. Elements of Complex Analysis Pennisi, L.L.
Candidates will be asked to attempt three questions from Section A
and two questions from section B.
8. Theory of Groups Majeed, A.
Groups, subgroups, Lagranges, theorem, cyclic groups, normal
subgroups, quotient groups. Fundamental theorem of homomorphism.
Isomorphism theorems of groups, Inner automorphisms.
Conjugate elements, conjugate subgroups. Commutator subgroups.
Rings, Subrings, Integral domains, Quotient fields, Isomorphism
theorems, Field extension and finite fields.
Vector spaces, Linear independence, Bases, Dimension of a finitely
generated space. linear transformations, Matrices and their algebra.
Reduction of matrices to their echelon form. Rank and nullity of a linear
Solution of a system of homogeneous and non-homogeneous linear
equations. Properties of determinants. Cayley-Hamilton theorem,
Eigenvalues and eigenvectors. Reduction to canonical forms, specially
Conic sections in Cartesian coordinates, Plane polar coordinates and
their use to represent the straight line and conic sections. Cartesian and
spherical polar coordinates in three dimensions. The plane, the sphere, the
ellipsoid, the paraboloid and the hyperboloid in Cartesian and spherical
Vector equations for Plane and for space-curves. The arc length. The
osculating plane. The tangent, normal and binormal. Curvature and torsion.
Serre-Frenet’s formulae. Vector equations for surfaces. The first and second
fundamental forms. Normal, principal, Gaussian and mean curvatures.
Candidates will be asked to attempt any three questions from Section
A and two questions from Section B.
11. Principles of Mathematical Analysis Rudin, W.
12. The Theory of Groups Macdonald, I.N.
13. Topics in Algebra Herstein, I.N.
1. Essay on prominent works
personalities and writers.
2. Translation of unseen passages
from Pushto into English or Urdu.
3. Translation of unseen passages of
English or Urdu into Pushto.
4. General Questions on evolution and
criticism of Pushto Prose and Poetry.
5. Folk Literature Introduction of Tappa,
Charbaita, Lobha, Neemakai, Sandara
and Badala (including folk stories).
1. Foreign Approach to Khushal Khan Dost Muhammad
2. Pushto Poetry Major Roverty.
3. Selected Poems of Khushal Khan Major Roverty.
4. The Pathans Sir Olaf Careo.
Calculus and Real Analysis
Real Numbers. Limits. Continuity. Differentiability. Indefinite
integration. Mean value theorems. Taylor’s theorem. Indeterminate forms.
Asymptotes. Curve tracing. Definite integrals. Functions of several
variables. Partial derivatives. Maxima and minima. Jacobians. Double and
triple integration (techniques only). Applications of Beta and Gamma
functions. Areas and Volumes. Riemann-Stieltje’s integral. Improper
integrals and their conditions of existences. Implicit function theorem.
Absolute and conditional convergence of series of real terms.
Rearrangement of series, Uniform convergence of series.
Metric spaces. Open and closed spheres. Closure, Interior and
Exterior of a set.
Sequences in metric space. Cauchy sequence convergence of
sequences. Examples. Complete metric spaces. Continuity in metric spaces.
Properties of continuous functions.
SECTION B 40. SINDHI Complex Analysis
Function of a complex variable; Demoiver’s theorem and its
applications. Analytic functions, Cauchy’s theorem. Cauchy’s integral
formula, Taylor’s and Laurent’s series. Singularities. Cauchy residue
theorem and contour integration. Fourier series and Fourier transforms.
1. Advance Calculus Kaplan, W.
2. Analytic Function Theory Vol. I Hille, E.
3. An Introduction to Differential Wilmore, T.S.
4. Complex Analysis Goodstein, G.R.G.
1. Introduction to the Theory of Mood, Graybill
Statistics. and Boes.
2. Mathematical Statistics. Freund.
3. Mathematical Statistics. Hood and Craig.
4. Sampling Techniques (3e) Cochran and Cox.
4. Contemporary Sociological Theories Pitrim Sorokin
5. Family in Asia Man Singh Das &
Pahos D. Bardis
6. Ibn-i-Khaldun : His Life and Work M. Abdullah Enan
7. Master of Sociological Thought Lewis A. Coser
8. Pakistani Society M. Iqbal
9. Sociology Ogburn &
10. Strategies of Social Research Smith, H.W.
1. Individual, Culture and Society : Individual as a social product,
The variety of social forms, Methods of socialization, Ethnocentricism,
Norms and Values, Cultural Patterns, Varieties of sub-cultures.
2. Sociological Theory : The sociological perspectives—
Evolutionary, order and conflict, Evolutionary Theorists : Ibn-i-Khaldun
Spencer and Tannis, Order Theorists: August Comte, Emile Durkheim,
Max Weber, Conflict Theorists : George Hegel, Karl Marx, Lewis Coser,
3. Methods of Sociological Research : Research Design, Surveys,
Participant Observation, Experiments, Case Studies.
4. Social Interaction : Significance of social classes, Forms of social
classes—Tribes, Biradaris, Castes, Classes and Feudal system in Pakistan,
Social Mobility—nature of social mobility, Mobility determinants in
Pakistan society, Social immobility, Culture in poverty.
5. Social Control : Mechanisms of social control—internal and
external means of social control, Alienation, Integration—integrative
patterns in Pakistani Society.
6. Social and Cultural Change and Social Policy : Processes of
Social and Cultural Change—discovery, invention, diffusion, Factors in the
rate of social and culture change, Incentives and inhibitions to social and
cultural change in Pakistan Social planning and directed social and cultural
7. Community : The rural community, Traditional Characteristics of
rural life, The urban community, Rural—Urban convergence, Urbanism,
Future of cities in Pakistan.
8. Social Institutions : The nature and genesis of institutions, the
process of institutions, Functions and Trade of Social Institutions. Family,
Religion, Educational, Economic and Political Institutions.
9. Social Problems in Pakistan : Population Growth, Demographic
Transition : Deviant Behaviour, Institutionalised evasions, social conflicts,
internal and international Migration, Aging, Drug abuse, Prostitution,
Smuggling, Illitracy and Poverty.
11. Sociology : Roles & Relationships Everett K. Wilson
12. Social Problems Jon. M. Shepard
13. Social Change and History Robert Nisbet
14. Feudal System in Pakistan Nawab Haider
15. The Sociology of Rural Life Lynn Smith, T.
16. The Sociology of Social Problems Horton & Leslie
17. The Sociology of Religion Max Weber
1. Basic Probability : Axiomatic definition of probability, random
variable, distribution function, probability density function, mathematical
expectation; conditional probability, jointly distributed random variables,
marginal and conditional distributions, conditional expectation, stochastic
2. Some Special Distributions : Binomial, poisson, negative binomial,
hypergeometric, normal distributions with their derivation of their mean
and variance; Definition and Application of chisquare, ‘T’ and ‘F’
3. Statistical Inference: Maximum likelihood estimation of the mean
and the variance of a normal population; confidence interval for mean,
difference of means and for variance; testing hypothesis for the equality of
two means (paired and unpaired observations); testing of equality of several
means (ANOVA) and testing of variance and equality of two variance.
4. Correlation and regression : Simple linear regression model, point
and interval estimation of parameters, Simple, Partial, Multiple Correlation
and testing of these correlations.
5. Sampling, Simple random, stratified, systematic and cluster
sampling, estimates of mean and total and their precision.
6. Applications of Statistics in social, economic and political
problems public health, crimes, Law, social innovations, economic
development, socio-political inequality.
1. Anthropology : The Study of Man Adamson Hoebel,
2. Pakistani Society Akbar Ahmad, S.
3. Contemporary Social Problems Robert K. Merton
5. Statistics : An Introductory Analysis. Yamane
6. Statistics : A Guide to the Un-known. Tanur, Hudith (ed)
INVERTEBRATE AND CHORDATE ZOOLOGY
The candidates will be required to attempt five questions—three from
Part—A and two from Part—B.
General organization (general morphology, mode of life, adaptations,
life cycles and economic importance) of the following groups with special
reference to the topics mentioned in each group :—
Protozoa : Parasitism, conjugation and autogamy, medical
Porifera : Canal system, skeletal structures and their taxonomic
value, position of porifera in the Animal Kingdom.
Coelenterata : Polymorphism ; measenteries ; corals and coral
Platyhelminthes : Parastic adaptations, medical importance.
Nematoda : Medical importance.
Annelida : Coelom, metamerism.
Mollusca : Shell, modifications of foot, feeding, respiration, shell
Arthropoda : Appendages, feeding; respiration, larvae.
Echinodermata : Skeleton, water vascular system, larvae.
Origin; comparative account of skeleton, circulatory, excretory and
nervous systems, development (egg types, cleavage, blastula and gastrula,
germ layer/formation, embryonic membranes and placentation) natural
history (mode of life, migration, adaptations, biting mechanism of snakes).
Ecology : Concept of ecosystem, biogeochemical cycles, animal
adaptations to major habitats, environmental pollution and its effect on life.
The candidates will be required to attempt at least one question from
Cell Biology : Morphology, Chemical composition and functions of
nucleus, nuclear inclusions and cytoplasmic organelles, protein synthesis
and molecular genetics, mechanism of mitosis and meiosis.
General Physiology : Respiration, respiratory mechanism, respiratory
pigments, transport of oxygen and carbon dioxide, circulation :
haemodynamics, control of cardio vascular system, nutrition : modes of
nutrition, digestion and assimilation of food stuff, Excretion : nature and
sources of substances excreted, modes of excretions, Nervous system,
nerve impulses, Hormones and their biological action.
Genetics : Mendelian principles, multiple alleles, interaction of genes;
linkage and crossing over, mapping of genes, sex determination and sex
linkage, mutations, chromosomal aberrations, gene concept.
Evolution : Origin of life, organic diversity, theories to account for
organic diversity, Phylogeny and ontogeny, species concept, mechanism of
evolution, modern concept of natural selection, evolutionary trends.
1. A Text Book of Zoology (Invertebrate) Parker and
2. Comparative Anatomy of the Vertebrates George C. Kent
3. Invertebrate Zoology Hegner and
4. Cell Structure and Function Loewy and
(Modern Biology Series) Siekevitz
5. Cell and Molecular Biology De-Robbertis,
(Eighth Edition) E.O.D., & De-
6. Fundamentals of Ecology Odum
7. Principles of Genetics Strickberger
8. Introduction to Evolution Moody
9. Modern Genetics Ayala, F.J. and
Kiger, J.A. Jr.
10. Text Book of Medical Physiology Guyton, W.B.
11. Molecular Biology of Gene Watson, J.D.
FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION, ISLAMABAD RULES FOR COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION (CSS) 2015
FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION, ISLAMABAD
RULES FOR COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION (CSS) 2015
Islamabad, the 27th August, 2014
“In pursuance of Section 7-A read with section 10 of the FPSC Ordinance,
1977, Chairman FPSC with the approval of the Federal Government has made, in
supersession of Competitive Examination Rules, 2014, the following rules for
regulating the conduct of the Competitive Examination, 2015”
No. F. 2/1/2015-CE. The Competitive Examination, 2015 will
be held by the Federal Public Service Commission, with effect
from 14th February, 2015 for recruitment to posts in BS-17 for
the following Groups/Services under the Federal Government:-
(1) Commerce & Trade Group
(2) Foreign Service of Pakistan
(3) Information Group
(4) Inland Revenue Service
(5) Military Lands & Cantonments Group
(6) Office Management Group
(7) Pakistan Administrative Service
(8) Pakistan Audit and Accounts Service
(9) Pakistan Customs Service
(10) Police Service of Pakistan
(11) Postal Group
(12) Railways (Commercial & Transportation) Group
(ii). The CSS-Competitive Examination-2015 shall comprise the
(a) Written Examination;
(b) Medical Examination;
(c) Psychological Assessment; and
(d) Viva Voce.
(iii). Places of examination: The examination will be held
simultaneously at Abbottabad, Bahawalpur, Dera Ghazi Khan,
D.I.Khan, Faisalabad, Gilgit, Gujranwala, Hyderabad, Islamabad,
Karachi, Lahore, Larkana, Multan, Muzaffarabad, Peshawar,
Quetta, Rawalpindi, Sargodha, & Sukkur depending on the
number of applicants for each centre.
(iv). Places of Interviews: The interviews will be held at
Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Multan, Peshawar & Quetta.
(v). The Commission reserves the right to finally decide the
place where the candidates would be examined or interviewed.
(vi) CHANGE OF CENTRE: Examination centre once selected
by the candidate shall not be changed. The examination
centre/hall once allotted to a candidate will be final and he/she
will not be allowed to sit in another centre/hall at any cost.
CUT OFF DATE FOR DETERMINING
2. The cut off date for determining the eligibility of the candidate
in terms of age, qualifications, domicile, etc., is 31st December,
3(i). A candidate for admission to the examination must have
attained the age of 21 years and not over 28 years on 31st
December, 2014 (i.e. a candidate born on or before 31st December
1986 and on or after 2nd January, 1994 will not be eligible), except
the candidate falling in the categories mentioned in Rule-3(ii)
where any candidate born on or before 31st December, 1984 and
born on or after 2nd January, 1994 will not be eligible.
(ii). The upper age limit will be relaxed by two years up to the
age of 30 years in respect of :—
(a). The candidates belonging to the Scheduled Caste and
Buddhist Community subject to production of a certificate
(Annex-A of Application Form) to be issued by Political
Agent/DCO/ District Magistrate in support of their claim.
(b)The candidates belonging to the recognized Tribes who are
permanent residents of the areas mentioned-below and whose
families have been living in these areas. Such candidates must
attach a certificate (Annex-B of Application Form) to be issued by
Political Agent/ DCO/District Magistrate in support of their
2. Tribal Areas of D.I.Khan and Peshawar Divisions
(including former Frontier States of Dir, Swat,
Chitral and Amb).
3. Former excluded (Baluch) area forming part of the
Dera Ghazi Khan and Rajanpur Districts.
4. Former Tribal Areas of Mardan and Hazara
5. Upper Tanawal Area of Hazara Division.
(c) The candidates who are permanent residents of Azad
Kashmir Territory, subject to submission of a certificate
(Annex-C of Application Form) to be issued by
Kashmir Affairs Division, Government of Pakistan,
(d) The candidates who are permanent residents of Gilgit-
Baltistan including Gilgit, Diamir, Baltistan, Ghizar
and Ghanche, subject to submission of a certificate
(Annex-B of Application Form) to be issued by the
Pol it ical Agent/DCO/Dist r ict Magistrate.
(e) The candidates who are disabled namely, physically
impaired, hearing/speech impaired (deaf & dumb) and
visually impaired (blind), subject to submission of
certificate of disability issued by the competent
authority designated for the purpose by the
(f) In Service Government Servants, Armed Forces
Personnel, Contract Employees, including the
Government servants of AJ&K, who possess a
minimum of two years continuous Government service
as on 31st December, 2014, subject to submission of
Departmental Permission Certificate (Annex-E) from
the competent authority. Employees of Nationalised
Banks, State Bank of Pakistan, WAPDA, Regulatory
Authorities, Autonomous bodies and other semi
autonomous bodies are not entitled to age relaxation.
(iii) The relaxation in upper limits prescribed in
paragraph 3 (ii) above shall be permitted up to the
maximum period of an individual concession and
not by the total period of the concessions
taken together, if admissible in any case.
(iv) Subject to the relaxations in upper age limit
prescribed in paragraph 3(ii) and 3(iii) above, no
further relaxation in age limit under any other rule
for the time being in force, or on any other ground
shall be provided by any authority.
DATE OF BIRTH
4 (i). The date of birth accepted by the Commission is that
entered in the following documents:
(a) Matriculation Certificate;
(b) Secondary or Higher Secondary School Leaving
(c) Certificate of birth from the Principal/Headmaster
of the School from where a candidate has passed
his/her GEC, ‘O’ level or equivalent examination,
showing the date of birth in the School Admission
(d) In case of Christian candidates, Baptismal or birth
(ii). The decision as to which certificate may be accepted for the
purpose of date of birth rests with the commission.
(iii). Once a date of birth has been claimed by a candidate and
accepted by the Commission for the purpose of admission to
an examination, no change will be allowed at a subsequent
examination or selection.
5.(i). A candidate must hold at least a Second Division or
Grade “C” Bachelor’s degree in any faculty of one of the Pakistani
Universities or an equivalent degree or comparable educational
qualifications of a foreign University recognized by Higher
Education Commission, Islamabad.
Note: In case the candidate does not hold the required degree on
or before the cut off date, he/she shall be required to produce a
certificate from the duly authorized officer of the concerned
degree awarding institution, to the effect that the candidate has
fulfilled all the requirements of the said degree and has/had
cleared/passed the examination for the said degree on or before
the cut off date. The candidate however would be required to
produce the said degree before the final result is declared by the
(ii). A candidate who has obtained a Third Division (or ‘D’
grade) in his/her Bachelor’s Degree will be eligible for the
Examination in cases where he/she has obtained a higher Division
in Master’s Degree.
(iii). The matter as to which foreign degree is comparable and
equivalent to corresponding Pakistani degree shall be decided
by HEC. Therefore, an equivalence certificate issued by HEC
may be attached with application form.
6(i). Candidates for the examination must be a citizen of Pakistan
or a person deriving his/her nationality from the State of Jammu
(ii). A candidate who has married a person who is not a citizen of
Pakistan shall not be eligible for appointment provided that a
person who marries a “foreign national of any country recognized
by Federal Government” with the prior permission of
Government may be regarded as eligible for appointment.
(iii) (a). Seats earmarked for prescribed provincial/regional quotas
shall be allocated to candidates on the basis of the domicile
certificate issued by the competent authority in accordance with
the law and the rules.
(b). A candidate who has acquired the citizenship of Pakistan by
registration under the Pakistan Citizenship Act and the Rules
made thereunder should attach to the application an attested
copy of the certificate of citizen-ship. A candidate who has not
been registered as a citizen of Pakistan but claims that he/she
should be deemed to be citizen of Pakistan under the Pakistan
Citizenship Act should submit proof to the effect that he/she
fulfills the conditions on the basis of which he/she claims to be
deemed as a citizen of Pakistan. A candidate who derives his/her
nationality from the State of Jammu and Kashmir should attach
to the application a certificate issued by the Kashmir Affairs
Division duly signed by the Deputy Secretary (Admn) in
support of his/her claim.
(c). Only those candidates shall be considered for vacancies
reserved for Azad Jammu and Kashmir whose application forms
for the Competitive Examination are accompanied by domicile
certificate alongwith Permanent Residence Certificate, issued
by the Kashmir Affairs Division duly signed by the Deputy
Secretary (Admn) of that territory. No such certificates shall
be accepted at any later stage.
(d). Domicile once claimed by a candidate and accepted by the
Commission for the purpose of admission to an examination shall
be final. No change will be allowed at a subsequent examination
(e). Domicile claimed by a candidate and accepted by the
Government (Federal/Provincial/Regional/Local as the case may
be) at the time of first entry into Government service shall be
treated as final for the purpose of candidature and allocation
and no subsequent change in his/ her domicile will be accepted.
SUBMISSION OF APPLICATION AND
ADMISSION TO THE EXAMINATION
7(i). All applications for CSS Competitive Examination must
be submitted on line through FPSC website www.fpsc.gov.pk.
a) The closing date for submission of online Application Form to
the Federal Public Service Commission, Islamabad is 31st
b) Print out of the duly filled Online Form (i.e. Hardcopy) may
be obtained and after signing it, copies of all documents/
certificates as mentioned in para 27 of the Form alongwith
original Treasury Receipt may be attached with it and
furnished to FPSC so as to reach the FPSC (Headquarters)
within 10 days of the closing date. Preferably, the hardcopies
may be dispatched or furnished before the closing date so that
delay in transit may be avoided. Onus of proof of dispatch of
hardcopy of online form and documents, before the closing
date, shall solely lie on the candidate.
c) Candidates are cautioned that if an online application is
received incomplete or wrongly filled in or its hardcopy not
accompanied with any one of the documents mentioned in
para-27 of application form, it will be rejected.
d) Hardcopy of the online application, if reached to FPSC after
the stipulated period of 10 days from the closing date, it shall
not be accepted and online form already submitted to FPSC
shall stand rejected.
e) The hard copy of the online form should have the same
entries as made in the online form submitted to FPSC, and
any variation shall cause rejection of candidature.
f) No plea that hardcopy of online application form or any
document attached with it has been lost or delayed in the post
will be entertained.
g) The candidate shall have to pay/deposit Rs.250/- in the FPSC
head of account as fine, if hard copy of online application is
received without signature subject to no other deficiency in
application/attached documents is involved”, otherwise,
his/her application shall stand rejected
(ii). Candidate must pay Rs.2200/- as Application fee for
examination, as per procedure prescribed in Appendix-II,
deposited in the nearest Government Treasury or in State
Bank/National Bank of Pakistan, under the account head
“C02101-Organs of State Exam Fee(FPSC Receipt)”. Cash, postal
orders, bank drafts and cheques will not be accepted by the
Federal Public Service Commission. Original treasury receipt for
written examination must be attached with the application form to
be deposited to the Commission. Without providing original
treasury receipt as prescribed above, the application of the
candidate shall be rejected.
(iii). Subjects for the competitive examination will comprise
compulsory papers of 600 marks and optional papers of 600 marks
as given in Appendix-I.
(iv). Optional Subjects must be selected carefully. Candidates are
cautioned that wrong selection of subjects will lead to rejection
under para 7(i)(c) above and para 1(viii) of Appendix-I.
(v). Combination of optional subjects once chosen at the time
of submission of online application shall not be allowed to
change subsequently. Change of optional subjects in hard copy of
online form is also not allowed.
(vi). For whatsoever reasons, a candidate who misses any
compulsory or optional subject of written examination for medical
or any other reasons shall not be allowed to appear in the
(vii). If a candidate misses a paper for any reason, no separate
examination in that paper shall be arranged for him/her.
(viii). Number of Attempts: A candidate may attempt/avail
three chances of the examination within prescribed age limits.
“A candidate shall be deemed to have attempted the
examination and his chance shall stand consumed, if he/she
actually appeared in any one or more papers of the
examination and even if he/she tendered blank Answer
Book/Sheet and even if rejected subsequently”
(ix). A candidate who conceal the number of previous
attempts, will be prosecuted leading to his/her disqualification
in accordance with clause 12(v) of CE-rules.
(x). No candidate will be admitted to the examination hall who does not
hold a certificate of admission from the Commission and Original
CNIC. An admission certificate generated or down loaded
from FPSC website shall be accepted. Intimation about
examination centre and Roll No. may be down loaded from FPSC
website, if not received through post.
(xi). A candidate who arrives at examination hall/centre late,
than the time mentioned in Admission Certificate & date
sheet, he/she will not be allowed to sit in the examination.
(xii). Candidates will be admitted to the examination
provisionally at their own risk subject to their being found eligible
in all respects. On detailed scrutiny of the applications after the
announcement of result of the written part of the examination, if
any candidate is found ineligible in any respect under rules for the
examination, his/her candidature will be cancelled/ rejected
regardless of the fact whether he/she has appeared in the
examination or qualified therein.
Note: To avoid “INCONVENIENCE”, candidates are advised in
their own interest to make sure before appearing at the
examination that they fulfill all requirements of the rules, relating
to the examination.
QUALIFYING MARKS IN WRITTEN EXAMINATION
8. (i). A candidate who fails to secure at least 40% marks in any of
the compulsory subjects, 33% marks in any of the optional
subjects, 50% marks in the Aggregate will be considered to have
failed in written examination and will not be eligible for medical
examination, Psychological Assessment and Viva Voce.
(ii). Only the candidates declared qualified for written
examination and found eligible will be called for next stage i.e.
Medical Examination, Psychological Assessment and Viva Voce.
9. (i). All candidates must be in good mental and bodily health and
free from any physical defect likely to interfere with the discharge
of their duties. The candidates who (after such medical
examination which Government or the appointing authority, may
prescribe) are found not to satisfy these requirements, will not be
appointed except disabled candidates as mentioned in sub rule (ii)
(ii). Disabled candidates in the categories of physically impaired,
hearing/speech impaired(deaf & dumb) and visually impaired
(blind) are allowed to compete for Competitive Examination
against four Occupational Groups/Services viz: (a) Commerce &
Trade Group (b) Pakistan Audit & Accounts Service (c)
Information Group & (d) Postal Group. Disabled candidates
securing a position against prescribed 7.5% merit quota on all
Pakistan basis may be considered for allocation to Foreign Service
of Pakistan on the basis of his/her choice.
(iii) (a): Disabled candidates viz visually impaired (Blind) and
physically impaired will be provided helper (writer), if they have
been declared permanently incapacitated w.r.t. writing by the
Federal/Provincial Council for Rehabilitation of Disabled Persons,
and a certificate in this regard has been attached by them with
application form and also requested for provision of helper in their
application form. FPSC shall arrange the helper from within the
available staff of FPSC deputed at the examination centre. The
role of the helper would merely be to reproduce in writing the
words so uttered by the disabled candidate. No intellectual
contribution by the helper is permissible. The educational level of
the helper would be Graduate/Intermediate/ matriculate as per
availability at the exam centre. No request for choicest helper or
venue of the exam shall be entertained. The disabled candidate
alongwith helper shall remain within the examination hall till
conclusion of the paper.
(b): Extra time viz 15 minutes per hour will only be allowed to
visually impaired (Blind) candidates. The other categories of
disabled candidates would not be allowed extra time.
(c):The disabled candidate referred to above (vide Sub-Rule (a)
and (b)) may attempt the question paper on computer for which
facility shall only be provided at FPSC HQs and FPSC’s
Provincial Offices, however, no TA/DA will be admissible. Such
Computer literate candidates should fill the relevant entries in the
online Application Form, else they will not be allowed to attempt
the paper on computer.
(d): No application or medical certificate regarding claim for
disability or request for provision of helper/computer on medical
grounds or sudden accident, shall be accepted after the closing
date, except where the claim has been made in the application
form before the closing date and certificate of disability attached
as an evidence.
(iv). Candidates who qualify the written examination will be
medically examined by the Medical Boards constituted for the
purpose. If any candidate remains absent twice in his/her Medical
Examination, his/her candidature will automatically stand rejected
and no appeal in this regard will be entertained. However, his/her
chance will be considered as consumed.
(v). In order to prevent disappointment, candidates are advised to
have themselves examined by a Government Medical Officer of
the standing of a Civil Surgeon before applying for admission to
the Examination. Particulars of the nature of the medical test to
which candidates will be subjected before appointment and of the
standards required are attached with the Rules as Annex “A”.
10. All candidates called for Viva Voce will be required to
undergo Psychological Assessment, comprising written tests and
group tasks. Such tests are designed to assess abilities, attitude
and personality characteristics of the candidates with special
regard to their aptitude for the Civil Services. Separate marks are
not awarded for the Psychological assessment. However, 300
marks assigned to Viva Voce also reflect the performance on
Psychological Assessment. Candidates must bring their National
Identity Cards and two copies of recent photographs when
summoned for Psychological Assessment. If a candidate remains
absent in the Psychological Assessment, he/she will not be
allowed to appear for Viva Voce.
11(i). Each candidate who is declared qualified in written part of
the examination will be interviewed by a Board who will have
before them a record of his/her career, both academic and
extramural. He/she will be asked questions on matters of general
interest. The object of the interview is to assess his/her suitability
for the services for which he/she is entered and in framing their
assessment the Board will attach particular importance to the
moral and ethical qualities of the candidates, his/her intelligence
and alertness of mind, his/her vigour and strength of character and
his/her potential qualities of leadership. The Board will take into
consideration his/her extramural activities such as sports, debates,
hobbies, etc., and their effect on his/her physique and character, in
assessing his/her merit.
(ii). All candidates are expected to have basic knowledge
regarding Islam and Pakistan. Questions may be asked in the
Interview on these subjects. Persons securing less than pass marks
in these subjects will not be considered for appointment to
Government jobs, irrespective of their proficiency in other fields.
However, the Non-Muslim candidates will not be asked any
question regarding Islam.
(iii). A candidate who fails to secure at least 100 marks in viva
voce will be considered to have failed and will not be eligible for
(iv). The result of Viva Voce shall be intimated to all candidates in
due course of time.
GENERAL PROVISIONS REGARDING
12(i). A candidate must satisfy the Federal Public Service
Commission that he/she is suitable in all respects for employment
under the Government.
(ii). The candidates who pass the written examination shall be
intimated individually as well as through website but the
candidates who fail in written examination shall not be informed
individually, they may download detail mark sheets from website.
(iii). Decision of the Commission as to the eligibility or
otherwise of a candidate for admission to the examination shall be
(iv). Maximum number of candidates to be admitted to this
examination may, at the discretion of Government, be limited to
such number as Government may decide. If a limit is imposed and
the number of candidates exceeds that limit, the Commission shall
select from amongst the applicants those who shall be
admitted to the examination, and, in doing so, shall have regard to
the suitability of the applicants and to adequate representation of
the Provinces/Areas of Pakistan as well as of the various age
(v). Caution:—A candidate who knowingly furnishes particulars
which are false, or suppresses material information, or attempts
to influence the Commission, or officers or members of the staff
of the Commission, or tries to obtain support for his/her
candidature by improper means, or deliberately submits forged
certificates, or tampers with the entries in his/her age,
educational and other certificates, or misbehaves in the
examination hall or uses unfair means including use or attempted
use of mobile phone or other electronic device for copying, or is
found guilty of misconduct during examination/medical, Viva
Voce Tests and uses filthy and unethical language in the Answer
Book(s) during written examination, may be disqualified for
this and/or subsequent examinations/selections held by the
Commission and/or criminally prosecuted and debarred from
future and/or removal from existing employment under
(vi) If during the conduct of Examination at a centre/hall, any
candidate is found in possession of mobile phone or likewise
devices, he/she will be prosecuted under the rule-12(v).
(vii). The result of any candidate, whose candidature is rejected on
any ground, will not be declared, irrespective whether he/she,
failed/passed the examination
(viii). A candidate who, even after his/her appointment, is found
to have knowingly furnished particulars which are false, or to
have suppressed material information will be liable to dismissal
(ix). Certificates of age and educational qualifications in which
any entry is overwritten, altered, erased, mutilated or tampered
with, in any way or the genuineness of which is otherwise doubted
will be liable to be impounded till such time as the Commission
considers it necessary.
(x). All communication to the Commission should be addressed to
Secretary FPSC by each candidate separately quoting his/her Roll
No. and CNIC number. If Roll No. has not yet been allotted Serial
number of the application may be quoted. Candidates must make
their own arrangements for communications addressed to them at
the addresses stated in their applications to be redirected to their
new addresses, when necessary. However, any change of address
should be communicated at once to the Secretary, Federal Public
Service Commission. Candidates should not write their postal
addresses care of Post Box Number etc. as postal authorities do
not accept registered letters at such an address.
(xi). Non Muslims (Minorities): As provided in article 260 (3)(b)
of the constitution of Pakistan 1973, non Muslim means a person
who is not Muslim and includes a person belonging to the
Christian, Hindu, Sikh, Budhist or Parci community, a person of
the Quadiani group or the Lahori group (who call themselves
Ahmadis’ or by any of the scheduled castes”.Only those
candidates shall be considered for vacancies reserved for
Minorities (Non-Muslims) whose application forms for the
Competitive Examination are accompanied by certificate (Annex-
D) issued by the DCO/District Magistrate/Political Agent. No
such certificate shall be accepted at any later stage.
(xii). Applications of Government Servants will also be
governed by the Government Servants (Application for
Services and Posts) Rules, 1966 except that three chances will
be allowed irrespective of the provisions of the
Government Servants(Application for Services and Posts)
(xiii). Government servants who fulfill conditions laid down in
these rules are eligible for admission to the examination if
permitted by the competent authority in their departments or
offices. However, an advance copy of the Application may be
submitted before the closing date to avoid rejection. Candidates
who join Government service after submitting their applications
for admission to the examination should also submit the
Departmental permission immediately thereafter.
(xiv). Armed Forces candidates should route their applications
through proper channel of their Services. Applications not routed
through proper channel will be rejected. Similarly released/ retired
personnel should produce a clearance certificate from Military
Secretary Branch for employment in civil services of Pakistan.
However, an advance copy of the Application may be submitted
before the closing date to avoid rejection.
(xv). A candidate who after submitting such Departmental
permission, joins Civil Service Academy or is transferred to
another Department, should also obtain the permission of that
Department and submit it to the Commission as soon as possible.
(xvi). A candidate who has left Government service should submit
with his/her application an attested copy of his/her
discharge/service certificate. A candidate who has been dismissed
from Government or semi Government Service will not be eligible
for admission to the examination.
(xvii). If marks of a candidate are less than 40% in any of the
Compulsory subjects, less than 33% marks in any of the optional
subjects and less than 100 marks out of 300 in Viva Voce, these
will not be counted/credited in the total marks.
(xviii). The marking of answers will be in order of consecutive
answers and over attempted question shall not be
(xix). Writing on Question paper shall be considered as
cheating and delinquent candidate shall be prosecuted under
(xx). If any candidate writes his/her Roll No. (except in the space
provided for this purpose on the cover of the answer book) or
writes his/her name or makes any distinguishing mark at any
place in his/her answer book and/or additional Answer Books
he/she shall be awarded Zero mark in that paper, besides any other
punishment which the Commission may decide to award.
(xxi). A candidate who rips the pages or does not cross out
empty pages of answer book/additional answer book, or does
not hand over his/her answer books/additional answer book to
the supervisory staff, he/she shall be proceeded against for
disciplinary action under Rule 12(v) as may deem appropriate by
(xxii). A candidate who has received and read the Question Paper
will not be allowed to leave his/her seat or exam hall without
marking his/her attendance and until half the time is over.
However the candidate will not be allowed to take question paper
with him/her until conclusion of the examination in that paper.
(xxiii). Use of calculators will only be allowed in Applied
Mathematics, Pure Mathematics, Accountancy, Statistics,
Business Administration, Physics & Chemistry.
(xxiv). MCQs paper shall be attempted on OMR Sheet
provided separately for the purpose. Both (MCQs paper +
OMR Sheet) shall be collected back after the allotted time.
The number of MCQs in each paper may be attempted in the
same sequence at the space reserved on OMR Sheet. Any
answer given beyond the reserved space or not corresponding
with question number of MCQ paper, shall not be
marked/taken into account.
(xxv). The Question Papers in Urdu or other Pakistani
regional languages (Punjabi, Sindhi, Pushto and Balochi),
Persian and Arabic should be answered in the respective
languages unless otherwise directed in the question paper.
(xxvi). Candidates must use blue or black ink only in their
Answer Books otherwise Zero marks may be awarded.
RE-COUNTING OF MARKS
(xxvii). Answer Books in all subjects of examination are
confidential documents and cannot, therefore, be permitted to be
seen by candidates or their representatives nor re-examination of
answer books/scripts is allowed under any circumstances. A
candidate desirous of getting his/her marks, awarded by the
examiners, re-counted may submit his/her request for the purpose,
within one month from the date of issue of result card/marks sheet
alongwith a Treasury Challan of Rs. 500/- per paper as fee for recounting
of marks only. Thereafter, no such request will be
(xxviii). Reevaluation of marks awarded by the Viva Voce Board
is not allowed under any circumstances.
(xxix). Grace marks are not allowed.
(xxx). Answer books of Candidates will be retained in the office
of the Federal Public Service Commission for one year only and
thereafter these will be destroyed. Candidates are, therefore,
cautioned that any query relating to their Answer books should be
made within the specified period, thereafter, no request in this
regard will be entertained.
(xxxi). Refund of Fee: No claim for refund of any fee will be
entertained nor can the fees paid be held in reserve for another
examination or selection.
(xxxii). Reappearance in examination: If a candidate who took
the Competitive Examination 2014 wishes to apply for admission
to CE 2015, he/she must submit an application by the prescribed
date without waiting for the result of CE-2014. If subsequently it
is not necessary for him/her to take the CE-2015 written
examination, his/her examination fee will not be refunded.
(xxxiii). The Commission reserves the right to change the
schedule of the examination as well as to cancel any paper/papers
or the entire Competitive Examination without assigning any
REPRESENTATION AND REVIEW PETITION: -
13(a). A candidate aggrieved by any decision of the Federal
Public Service Commission may, within thirty days of
communication of decision, make a representation to the
Commission and the Commission shall decide the representation
within fifteen days after giving the candidate a reasonable
opportunity of hearing.
(b). A candidate aggrieved by the decision of the Commission
made under paragraph (a) may, within fifteen days of
communication of decision, submit a review petition to the
Commission and the Commission shall decide the review petition
within thirty days under intimation to the petitioner. The decision
of the Commission on review petition shall be final.
(c). Save as provided in “FPSC ORDINANCE, 1977”, no order
made or proceeding taken under “FPSC ORDINANCE, 1977”, or
rules made hereunder, by the Commission shall be called in
question in any court and no injunction shall be granted by any
court in respect of any decision made or taken in pursuance of any
power conferred by, or under, “FPSC ORDINANCE, 1977”.
(d). Any candidate aggrieved by a decision of the Commission
under paragraph (b) may, within thirty days of the decision, prefer
an appeal to the High Court.
(e). Each representation and review petition duly signed will be
entertained only if accompanied with Original Treasury Receipt
of Rs.500/- in each case.
DETERMINATION OF FINAL MERIT &
ANNOUNCEMENT OF RESULT
14(i). The candidates who qualify in written examination and
Viva Voce, their final merit shall be determined by adding marks
obtained in the written examination and viva voce.
(ii). When total marks (written examination + viva voce) of more
than one candidate are equal, the one who gets more marks in viva
voce is treated as higher in merit. If marks in viva voce are also
equal, the one who gets more marks in compulsory subjects is
treated as higher in merit. If marks in compulsory subjects are also
equal the one who is older in age is treated as higher in merit.
(iii). Only FPSC is authorized to announce the result.
15. Actual number of vacancies in BS-17 to be filled on the
results of this examination will be announced with the approval of
the Government. The Government, however, reserves the right to
fill a smaller or larger number of vacancies than that announced.
16(i). Subject to the Recruitment policy explained in Appendix-
III of these Rules, candidates securing the highest places on the
combined results of the written Examination, Psychological
Assessment and Viva Voce and eligible for appointment will be
recommended by the Commission in order of merit upto the
number of vacancies available in each quota. However, respective
appointments shall be made by the Government. No candidate
will, however, be considered for appointment to any of the
Groups/Services for which he/she has been declared “not suitable”
by the Commission at the time of Viva Voce.
(ii). Success in the examination confers no right to appointment.
Appointments will be made only after the Government is satisfied,
after such enquiry as may be necessary, that the candidate is
suitable in all respects for appointment to the Public Service and
subject to the availability of vacancies.
(iii). “Candidates will be considered for those groups/
services only which they indicate in the application form. No
candidate will be considered for the groups/services which he/she
will not mention in the form. Candidates will however, be given a
chance to revise their choice of occupational groups at the time of
the viva voce. Preferences so revised at the time of viva-voce shall
be treated as final and no subsequent change will be allowed
under any circumstances. Candidates may opt for a group/service
irrespective of the fact whether there is a vacancy therein or not”.
(iv). The Government reserves the right to allocate a candidate
against any Group/Service irrespective of his/her preferences, in
the public interest. No appeal against the decision of the
Government will be entertained.
UNFILLED VACANCIES AND WAITING MERIT LIST
17(i). Once the process of allocation has been accomplished; the
vacancies remained unfilled due to non availability of qualified
candidates under any quota shall be carried over to next
examination for filling from among the same quota.
(ii). The Commission shall maintain the waiting merit list till
commencement of Common Training Programme (CTP).
Therefore, if any nominee of the Commission does not join and
intimation in this regard reaches to the Commission through
Establishment Division prior to commencement of CTP, the
Commission shall nominate the next candidate on merit against a
Group/Service according to his/her merit position in respective
quota and preferred choice.
(iii). The vacancies of non joiner, reported to the Commission
after commencement of CTP shall be carried over to next
(iv). Once the process of allocation/reallocation according to time
lines given above is over the waiting merit list shall no longer be
valid and the process of CSS 2015 will stand completed and
18. The Government reserves the right to make any changes to
the above rules before finalizing appointment on the basis of this
Note:—This issues with the approval of the Government.
PROCEDURE OF COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION (CSS), 2015
1. (i) The examination will include the following subjects and each subject will carry the marks shown against it.
(ii) There will be two papers of 100 marks each of the subjects which carry 200 marks. In other subjects there will be one paper.
Each paper will be of 3 hours duration.
(iii) The candidates should expect some objective type questions
*(MCQ’s) in compulsory and optional papers.
(iv) The Question Papers in Urdu or other Pakistani regional languages (Punjabi, Sindhi, Pushto and Balochi), Persian and Arabic
should be answered in the respective languages unless otherwise directed in the question paper. The question paper in Islamiat is
to be answered in English or Urdu only. All other papers must be answered in English unless otherwise directed in the
Question Paper. Contravention of these instructions will result in the cancellation of the papers and award of ZERO marks in
the paper(s) concerned.
(v) A Guideline of the syllabus of the subjects is given in Annex “B” to the Rules.
(vi) The Non-Muslim candidates have the option either to take Islamiat as one of the compulsory subject or otherwise Pakistan
Affairs (G.K. Paper-III) will be treated of 200 marks in their case and half of the total marks obtained by them in the paper on
Pakistan Affairs (G.K. Paper-III) will be counted in lieu of Islamiat.
(vii) A candidate who does not appear in any compulsory/optional subject will not be allowed to appear in the remaining papers of the
Examination in accordance with rule 7(vi) of CE Rules-2015.
(1) Essay 100
(2) English (Precis and Composition)) 100
(3) GeneralKnowledge :
Paper – I Every Day Science 100}
Paper – II Current Affairs 100}
Paper – III Pakistan Affairs 100}
(4) Islamiat 100
Total : 600
*MCQs are to be attempted on computerized OMR Answer sheet, whereas
subjective questions are to be attempted on Answer Book.
(viii) The minimum standard of optional subjects will be that of
an honour’s degree of a university in Pakistan. The
candidates are required to select optional subjects
carrying a total of 600 marks, but not more than
200 marks from any box/columns, as provided in
the columns of rules. The grouping of optional subjects
are as under:—
Optional Subjects Marks
Subject(s) carrying not more than 200 marks from Code No. 11 to 14 can be opted.
Note: Business Administration cannot be combined with Public Administration
Accountancy & Auditing
Subject(s) carrying not more than 200 marks from Code No. 15 to 19 can be opted. 15
Subject(s) carrying not more than 200 marks from Code No. 20 to 23 can be opted. 20
Only one subject from Code No. 24 to 29 can be opted. 24
Only one subject from Code No. 30 to 34 can be opted. 30
Islamic History & Culture
History of Pakistan & India
History of the U.S.A.
Subject(s) carrying not more than 200 marks from Code No. 35 to 40 can be opted.
Note: International Law cannot be combined with International Relations.
Muslim Law & Jurisprudence
Only one subject from Code No. 41 to 42 can be opted. 41
Psychology including Experimental
Only one Regional Language from Code No. 43 to 46 can be opted.
Note: Regional Languages cannot be combined with Urdu.
Only one National/Foreign/Classical Language from Code No. 47 to 50 can be opted.
Note: Urdu cannot be combined with Regional Languages.
RATE OF FEES
1 . The following fees must be paid by the candidates :—
(A) To the Federal Public Service Commission.
(i) Rs.2200/-for written CSS examination (Application
(ii) Rs.500/- for each representation/review petition
which a candidate wants to submit against any
decision of the Commission.
(iii) Rs.500/- per paper as fee for recounting of marks.
The procedure for payment of fee is as under:
(i) The amount should be deposited in a branch of the National
Bank of Pakistan, or in the nearest Government Treasury or in
State Bank of Pakistan under the Head of account “C02101
Organs of State – Exam Fee (FPSC Receipts)”. Cash, postal
orders, bank drafts and cheques will not be accepted by the
Federal Public Service Commission:
(ii) The name of the bank/treasury office at which the fee has
been deposited should be clearly entered in the treasury
receipt. The treasury receipt should be on the form prescribed
for the Federal Government transactions and should be
obtained from the treasury at which the fee is deposited.
(iii) Candidates outside Pakistan may submit their applications
without paying the prescribed examination fee. They must,
however, arrange to pay the fees and send the receipt before the
date of the examination.
(B) To the Medical Board.
(i) Rs.100/- to be deposited by all the candidates in the
Government Treasury/State Bank of Pakistan under
Head of Accounts “C—02839-Health Fee for Medical
The original copy of the Treasury challan should be
handedover to the President of the Central Medical
Board at the time of Medical Examination.
(ii) Rs. 750/- before examination by a Medical Board
in the case of candidates who qualify in the
written examination. Payment of this fee will be
required to be made in cash to the Medical Board
concerned at the time of physical examination of the
candidates. Candidates will present their National
Identity Cards & Admission Certificates to the
Medical Authorities concerned.
(iii) A Candidate who is medically deferred will have to
make the full payment again to the Medical Board at
the time of re-examination.
2. Candidates must see by reference to the rules and must decide
definitely before depositing the fee in the Treasury/Bank that they
are eligible in all respects to apply for the examination. Fee once
deposited in the Treasury/Bank will not be refunded, nor will it
be held in reserve for any other examination or selection
under any circumstances.
1. The following merit, and provincial/regional quotas shall be observed in filling vacancies reserved for direct recruitment to posts
under the Federal Government which are filled on all Pakistan basis in pursuance of Establishment Division’s O.M. No. 8/9/72-TRV,
dated 31-08-1973 and No.4/10/2006-R-2, dated 12-02-2007;—
Punjab (including Federal Area of Islamabad) 50%
The share of Sindh will be further sub-allocated in the following ratio:
Urban areas namely Karachi, Hyderabad and Sukkur (40% of 19% or 7.6%) Rural Areas i.e. rest of Sindh
excluding Karachi, Hyderabad and Sukkur (60% of 19% or 11.4%).
Provided that Sindh shall be allowed quota of 19%first and then the posts fallen to its share shall be sub-divided
between Sindh (U) and Sindh (R) at the ratio of 7.6%and 11.4%respectively. (vide Establishment Division’s O.M No.
4/5/87-R2, dated 12.08.1991)
Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa 11.5%
Gilgit Baltistan Federally Administered Tribal Areas 4%
(i) 10% quota is reserved for women from the share of Provinces/Regions except Merit quota in terms of
Establishment Division’s O.M.No. 3/17/2005-R-2 dated 26-09-2006. Un-filled vacancies will be carried forward.
(ii) 5% quota is reserved for Minorities (Non-Muslims) from the share of Provinces/Regions except Merit Quota in terms of
Establishment Division’s OM No.4/15/94-R-2, dated 26-5-2009. Unfilled vacancies will be carried forward.
(iii) Disabled candidates will compete in accordance with the Government recruitment policy, as there will be no separate
quota for disabled candidates.
(iv) Provincial or regional quotas in respect of posts in a particular year shall be worked out as per policy laid down by
Establishment Division vide OM No.8/9/72-TRV, dated 31.08.1973 read with OM No.9/7/80-A III, dated 23.09.1980.
2. Sindh (Urban) refers only to the city areas of Karachi, Hyderabad and Sukkur. Cantonment areas are counted as part of the
city. The areas under the Jurisdiction of the District Councils of these district are the rural areas.
3. “FederallyAdministered TribalAreas” include:—
(i) TribalAreas adjoining Peshawar district; (vii) OrakzaiAgency;
(ii) TribalAreas adjoining Bannu district; (viii) Khyber Agency;
(iii) TribalAreas adjoining D.I.Khan district; (ix) KurramAgency;
(iv) TribalAreas adjoining Kohat district; (x) North Waziristan Agency; and
(v) BajourAgency; (xi) SouthWaziristanAgency.
Note: This issues with the approval of the Government.
FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
REGULATIONS FOR PHYSICAL EXAMINATION
COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION (CSS), 2015
1. These regulations are published for the convenience of candidates and in order to enable them to ascertain the
probability of their coming up to the required physical standard. But it must be clearly understood that the Government of
Pakistan reserve to themselves an absolute discretion to reject as unfit any candidate whom they may consider, on the report of
the Medical Board, to be physically disqualified for the Services and that their discretion is in no respect limited by these
2. If any change is made in the standard of physical fitness, an announcement will be made accordingly before the
3. Night blindness will be a cause of rejection for District Management Group, Police Service of Pakistan, Customs
and Excise Group and Railways (Commercial and Transportation) Group”.
4. Disabled candidates in the categories of physically impaired, hearing/speech impaired (deaf & dumb) and visually
impaired (blind) are allowed to compete for Competitive Examination against four Occupational Groups/Services
viz; (a) Commerce & Trade Group (b) Pakistan Audit & Accounts Service (c) Information Group & (d) Postal Group.
Disabled candidates securing a position against prescribed 7.5% merit quota on all Pakistan basis may be considered for
allocation to Foreign Service of Pakistan also on the basis of his/her choice.
5. For appointment a candidate must be in good mental and bodily health and free from any physical defect likely to interfere with
the efficient performance of the duties of his/her appointment. Candidates whose height is less than 1524 millimeters will not be considered
physically fit for appointment to any of the BS 17 post under the Federal Government. In the case of female candidates, this standard will be
reduced to 1473 millimeters for posts which are completely sedentary provided the weight of such candidates is not less than 43.5 kilograms
except disabled candidates.
6. (a) In the matter of the correlation of age, height and chest-girth of candidates, it is left to the Medical Board to use
whatever correlation figures are considered most suitable as a guide in the examination of the candidates except for the
For the Police
(b) The correlation of age, height and chest-girth will not be less than that given in the following table:—
Height without Shoes Breadth when fully Range of expansion
expanded not less than
Millimeters Millimeters Millimeters
1626 and under 1651 . . . . . . . . . . . . 851 51
1651 and under 1727 . . . . . . . . . . . . 864 51
1727 and under 1778 . . . . . . . . . . . . 876 51
1778 and under 1829 . . . . . . . . . . . . 890 51
1829 and upwards . . . . . . . . . . . . 902 51
7. The candidate’s height will be measured as follows:—
He/She will remove his/her shoes and be placed against the standard with his/her feet together and the weight
thrown on the heels, and not on the toes or outer sides of the feet. He/She will stand erect without rigidity and
with the heels, calves, buttocks and shoulders touching the standard; the chin will be depressed to bring the
vertex of the head level under the horizontal bar and the height will be recorded in millimeters.
Distant vision, V. 6/6 . . . . . . . . . .
Near vision—Reads 0.6 . . . . . . . . . .
8. The candidate’s chest will be measured as follows:—
He/She will be made to stand erect with his/her feet together and to raise his/her arms over his/her head. The
tape will be so adjusted round the chest that its upper edge touches the interior angles of the shoulder blades
behind and lies in the same horizontal plane when the tape is taken round the chest. The arms will then be
lowered to hang loosely by the side and care will be taken that the shoulders are not thrown upward or
backwards so as to displace the tape. The candidate will then be directed to take a deep aspiration several times
and the maximum expansion of the chest will be carefully noted and the minimum and maximum will then be
recorded in millimeters 838—890, 864—927, etc. In recording the measurements fractions of less than 13
millimeters should not be noted.
9. The candidate will also be weighed and his/her weight recorded in kilograms. Fractions of a kilogram should not be
10. The candidate’s eye sight except disabled i.e. visually impaired (blind) will be tested in accordance with the following
rules. Result of each test will be recorded:—
(i) General—The candidate’s eyes will be submitted to a general examination directed to the detection of any
disease of abnormality. The candidate will be rejected if he/she suffers from any squint or morbid
conditions of eyes, eyelids or contiguous structures, or such a sort as to render, or to be likely at a future
date to render him/her unfit for service.
(ii) Visual Acuity.— The examination for determining the acuteness of vision includes two tests—one for
distant, the other for near vision. Each eye will be examined separately.
11. The Army test types will be used for the test for distant vision without glasses at a distance of 6096 millimeters and
for the test for near vision, without glasses, at any distance selected by the candidate.
12. No candidate will be considered fit for the service whose Visual Acuity falls below the following standards:—
Right eye Left eye
Distant vision V. 6/6 . . . . . . . . . . . . V. 6/6
Near vision—Reads 0.6 . . . . . . . . . . . . Reads 0.6
Better eye Worse eye
V, without glasses, not below 6/60 and after
correction with glasses not below 6/24.
. . Reads 1.
Better eye Worse eye
Distant vision—V, without glasses:— not below 6/60 and V, without glasses, not below
after correction with glasses—Not below 6/6. 6/60 and after cor rect ion with
glasses—not below 6/24.
Near vision—Reads 0.8 . . . . . . . . . . . . Reads 1.
13. No relaxation of the standards of vision will be allowed.
(a) Each eye will be examined separately and the lids must be kept wide open during the test.
14. No candidate will be accepted whose Visual Acuity falls below the following standards:—
Better eye Worse eye
Distant vision without glasses . . . . . . . . . . 6/12 6/19
Corrected with glasses . . . . . . . . . . . . 6/6 6/9
Near vision with or without glasses . . . . . . . . 0.6 0.6
Colour perception, night blindness and field vision:
15. The candidates will be examined, with the apparatus and according to the methods prescribed by the Railway
Board’s Standing Advisory Committee of Medical Officers. Any defect of colour perception or in regard to field vision will
be a cause for rejection of the candidate. The candidate under the condition of ordinary test for Visual Acuity having 6/6 vision
with both eyes open with or without glasses, will be rejected, if, under the conditions of the Night Blindness Test his/her vision
with both eyes open, with or without glasses; falls below 6/24.
III. OTHERS (EXCEPT DISABLED I.E. VISUALLY IMPAIRED (BLIND)
16. Snellen’s test types will be used for the test for distant vision, without glasses at a distance of 6096 millimeters, and
for the test for near vision, without glasses, at any distance selected by the candidate.
17. No candidate will be accepted whose Visual Acuity falls below the following standard: -
Better eye Worse eye
Distant vision without glasses . . . . . . . . . . . . *6/24 *6/24
Corrected with glasses . . . . . . . . . . . . 6/6 6/12
Near vision with or without glasses. . . . . . . . . . . . 0.8 1
* Temporarily lowered to 6/60.
18. Colour perception, night blindness and field of vision:-
(a) Each eye will be examined separately and the lids must be kept wide open during the test.
(b) Inability to distinguish the principal colours will not be regarded as a cause for rejection but the fact will
be noted in the proceedings and the candidates will be informed.
(c) Each eye must have full field of vision as tested by hand movements.
19. The degree of acuteness of vision of all candidates for appointment will be entered in the proceedings in the
V.P. …………………………………………………………. with glasses ………………………………………………….. Reads
V.L. …………………………………………………………. with glasses ………………………………………………….. Reads
20. In cases of serious abnormality the opinion of an ophthalmic specialist should be obtained.
21. No candidate will be accepted for appointment if his/her vision does not come up to the requirements specified above without
the use of contact glasses. (A contact glass or lens is defined as a glass shell, the concavity of which is in contact with the globe of the
eye, a layer of liquid being interposed between the lens and the cornea. The meaning of the word “glasses” wherever used above is to be
interpreted as not covering contact glasses.)
22. The urine (passed in the presence of the examiner) should be examined and the result recorded.
23. Following additional points should be observed:—
(a) that the candidate’s hearing in each ear is good except disabled i.e. hearing/speech
impaired (deaf & dumb)and that there is no sign of disease of the ear ;
(b) that the candidate’s speech is without impediment except disabled i.e. hearing/speech
impaired (deaf & dumb);
(c) that the candidate’s teeth are in good order and that he/she is provided with dentures where necessary for
effective mastication (well-filled teeth will be considered as sound). Candidates for the Police Service of
Pakistan must have 10 sound teeth in the upper jaw, functionally opposed to 10 sound teeth in the lower
jaw. Two of these teeth in each jaw must be molars. Well-filled teeth will be considered as sound;
(d) that the candidate’s chest is well-formed and his/her chest expansion sufficient; and that his/her heart and
lungs are sound ;
(e) that there is no evidence of any abdominal disease ;
(f) that the candidate is not ruptured ;
(g) that the candidate does not suffer from hydrocel, a severe degree of varicocele, varicose veins or polyps. A
candidate for the Police Service of Pakistan who has been successfully operated on will be accepted ;
(h) that the candidate’s limb, hands and feet except disabled i.e. physically impaired are well formed and
developed and that there is no shortening of any limbs and that there is free and perfect motion of all
(i) that the candidate does not suffer from any inveterate skin disease ;
(j) that there is no congenital malformation or defect ;
(k) that the candidate does not bear traces of acute or chronic disease pointing to an impaired constitution ;
(l) that the candidate bears marks of efficient vaccination ; or in the case of the Police Service of Pakistan he
has been vaccinated (twice unsuccessfully) within the last five years.
(In support of this the candidates will be required to produce certificate signed by a Medical Officer); and
(m) that the candidate is free from communicable disease.
24. When any defect is found it must be noted in the certificate and the medical examiner should state his opinion whether
or not it is likely to interfere with the efficient performance of the duties which will be required of the candidate if the condition
is remediable by operation it should be so stated.
25. If a candidate is declared medically unfit by the Central Medical Board, he/she will be informed by the Federal Public
Service Commission that he/she has been declared medically unfit. The candidate will also be informed of the particular defect
or defects for which he/she has been declared medically unfit. The candidate may prefer an appeal against the decision of the
Central Medical Board to the Federal Public Service Commission, Islamabad, within 14 days of the receipt of the
information. The appeal must be supported by two certificates from the doctors of standing stating inter alia that:—
(a) They are in full knowledge of the facts that the candidate has been examined by the Central Medical Board and
declared unfit; and
(b) That they have read the Rules and Regulations for physical fitness required of the candidates for the
26. Government, however, reserve the right to deal with the appeal as they deem fit and do not bind themselves to
constitute a second Medical Board for the medical examination of the candidate concerned. No further appeal shall be
entertained against the decision of the Appellate Board and the case shall be treated as closed.
Note: This issues with the approval of the Government.
FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION (CSS), 2015
INDEX OF SUBJECTS
The optional subjects have been arranged in alphabetical order for facility of candidates. However, the selection
of combination of optional subjects will be governed by the provisions of sub para (viii) of Rule 1 of Appendix-I.
Name of Subject Paper Page S. No. Name of Subject Paper Page
Compulsory Subjects 21. Geology. I & II 26
1. Essay – 13 22. History of Pakistan and India. I & II 26,27
2. English (Precis & Composition) – 13 23. History of the U.S.A. – 27
3. General Knowledge 24. International Law. – 27,28
(i) (Every Day Science). I 13
International Relations. – 28
(ii) (Current Affairs). II 14 26. Islamic History and Culture. I & II 28,29
(iii) (Pakistan Affairs). III 14 27. Journalism (Mass Communication) – 29
4. Islamiat – 15 28. Law. I & II 30
Optional Subjects 29. Mercantile Law. – 30
5. Accountancy & Auditing. I & II 16 30. Muslim Law & Jurisprudence. – 30
6. Agriculture. – 16,17 31. Persian. I & II 30,31
7. Applied Mathematics. I & II 17 32. Philosophy. I & II 31
8. Arabic. I & II 17,18 33. Physics. I & II 31,32
9. Balochi – 18 34. Political Science. I & II 32,33
10. Botany. I & II 19 35. Psychology including
I & II 33
11. British History. I & II 19,20 36. Public Administration. – 34
12. Business Administration – 20 37. Punjabi. – 34
13. Chemistry. I & II 20,21 38. Pure Mathematics. I & II 35
14. Computer Science. – 21,22 39. Pushto. – 35
15. Constitutional Law – 22 40. Sindhi. – 35,36,37
16. Economics. I & II 22 41. Sociology. – 37
17. English Literature. I & II 22,23 42. Statistics. – 37,38
18. European History. I & II 23,24,25 43. Urdu. I & II 38
19. Forestry. – 25 44. Zoology. I & II 38,39
20. Geography. I & II 25,26